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"Jivaro" is a general term used by outsiders to refer to several different Amazonian tribes of Peru and Ecuador, including the Shuar, Achuar, Shiwiar, Maina, and Aguaruna tribes. Although the origins of this word are not definitely known, it was probably a Spanish corruption of the tribal name "Shiwiar," since "sh" and "w" sounds are difficult for Spanish speakers to pronounce.

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Jivaro Resources

Here are links to our webpages about the Jivaro tribes and languages:
 Shuar language
 Achuar language
 Shuar tribe
 Achuar and Shiwiar tribes
 Amazonian cultures
 Jivaroan language family
 Tsantsa: Jivaro shrunken heads

Here are links to some online resources about the Jivaro tribes:
 Jivaro Culture
 Jivaro Civilization
 Wikipedia: Jivaroan peoples
 Encyclopedia Britannica: Jívaro

Books about the Jivaros

Here are a few good books about the Jivaro tribes:
 The Jivaro: People of the Sacred Waterfalls
 Jivaro: Head-Hunters Of The Amazon
 In the Society of Nature: A Native Ecology in Amazonia
 Upriver: The Turbulent Life and Times of an Amazonian People

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