Native American culture
"Ulax" is the name of the traditional Aleut house style. It is more commonly known by its Russian name,
barabara, which comes from an indigenous Siberian word for "house" and was used by Russian explorers
to refer to any kind of native home. Other Aleut names for this kind of house include ulaq and ulas.
Ulax were made by digging an underground chamber and then raising a wooden or whalebone frame
over it. The ulax frame was covered with woven grass mats and packed with layers of earth and sod to insulate it.
Here is a picture of an ulax.
Because these buildings were partly underground, they were larger than they appeared. There were multiple rooms
in an ulax, and each one housed several families from the same clan.
Here are links to our webpages about the Aleut tribe and language:
Eskimo-Aleut language family
Here are links to more Internet resources about ulax:
Cultural Change: The Barabara or Ulax
And here are a few good books about the Aleuts:
Aleut Identities: Tradition and Modernity
Aleut Tales and Narratives
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