Language: Aleut is an Eskimo-Aleut language
spoken along the Aleutian Island chain of Alaska and islands off the coast of Siberia. Fewer than 500 people
still speak the Aleut language today. Aleut is a highly polysyntheticagglutinative language, using long words with many suffixes.
It has predominantly SOV word order.
Thanks for your interest in indigenous American languages!
Names: The name Aleut came from the Russians, who were the first Europeans to encounter the
Aleut people. The origin of this name is uncertain-- it probably came from a word in the Siberian tribal language Chukchi,
which is aliuit, but it could also have been a Russian corruption of the Aleut word for "community," allíthuh.
Many Aleut people commonly call themselves by this name today, but the more traditional tribal name is Unangax (plural) or
Unangan (singular,) which means "coast people." Their language is known as Unangam Tunuu (Unangan language.)
It has two main dialects: Eastern Aleut (also known as Unalaskan)
and Western Aleut (also known as Atkan, Attuan, or Qaxun.) Spelling variants of these names include Alyoot, Aliyutas, Aleuts,
Aleutian, Aleutiana; Unanga, Unanghan, Unangas, Unangany, Unanas, Angagin; and Atka.
The name "Aleut" is sometimes also used by Americans and Russians
to refer to the Alutiiq, a neighboring group further to the north
whose language is related but distinct.