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Legendary Native American Figures: Keoonik
Tribal affiliation: Mi'kmaq
Alternate spellings: Kiwnik, Kiwn
ik, Kiwonik, Ki-won-ik, Keeoony, Keeoonik
Also known as: Otter
Type: Trickster, otter
Keoonik is a light-hearted trickster animal
of Mi'kmaq folktales. He usually appears in the literal form of a otter and spends his time
tricking, robbing, and deceiving the other animals of the forest, especially his trickster rival
Like modern cartoon characters, Keoonik and Ableegumooch sometimes kill themselves or each other with their tricks
and then randomly return to life.
Keoonik is the main character of many stories aimed at children.
He often behaves foolishly or causes trouble for others, but unlike animal tricksters in some other tribes, is not dangerous or malevolent
and rarely causes lasting harm. Ableegumooch and Keoonik are
popular characters with storytellers and stories about the two of them have also been borrowed into the folklore
of neighboring tribes such as the Maliseet and Penobscot.
The Lazy Rabbit Rabbit and Otter Master Rabbit and Keoony the Otter:
Mi'kmaq stories about rivals Aplikmuj and Kiwnik competing for food.
Rabbit Calls a Truce:
A Penobscot story in which Rabbit and Otter team up to save their tribe from starvation.
Recommended Books of Related Native American Legends
On the Trail of Elder Brother:
Good book of traditional stories told by a Mi'kmaq author and illustrator.
Giants of the Dawnland:
Another good collection of Wabanaki legends, told by a Penobscot Indian author.
Excellent anthology of stories, songs, and oral history from the Mi'kmaq and other Algonquian tribes.
Native American Animal Stories:
Wonderful collection of American Indian tales about animals, told by Abenaki storyteller Joseph Bruchac.
We Were Not the Savages
Nova Scotia language
The Northeast Woodland
The Algonquian languages
Native American Indian animal spirits
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