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Popoloca Indian Language (Popoloco)

Popoloca is an Oto-Manguean language of Mexico. Popoloca is sometimes confused with the similarly-named Popoluca languages, but they have no relation to each other at all-- popoloca was simply an old Nahuatl word for a barbarian, and was used by the Aztecs to refer to many different non-Aztec tribes.

There are seven different varieties of Popoloca, which are considered separate languages by some people and dialects of the same language by others. Taken together there are about 20,000 speakers of Popolocan languages in Mexico today. They are tone languages and have primarily VSO word order.

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Popoloca Language Resources

Our Online Popoloca Materials

Popoloca Vocabulary:
     Our list of vocabulary words in the Popoloca language.
Popoloca Animal Words:
     Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Popoloca language.

Popoloca Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

San Juan Aztingo Popoloca Language * San Juan Aztingo Popoloca Orthography * San Juan Aztingo Popoloca Phonology:
    San Juan Aztingo Popoloca Numbers * San Felipe Otlaltepec Popoloca Numbers * San Marcos Tlalcoyalco Popoloca:
    San Marcos Tlalcoyalco Popoloca Orthography: * San Felipe Otlaltepec Popoloca Orthography:
    Scanned-in Popoloc language materials from the Rosetta Project.
Cuento Popoloca * A Story in Popoloca:
    Text of a Popoloca story, with translation in Spanish.
AILLA: Popoloca de San Felipe Otlatepec:
    Archive of Popoloca language recordings available for download.
San Juan Atzingo Genesis Translation * San Marcos Tlalcoyalco Genesis Translation * San Marcos Tlalcoyalco Popoloca * San Juan Atzingo Popoloca:
    Translations of Bible passages into the Popoloca language.
Popoloca Prayers:
    Translation of the Lord's Prayer into the Popoloca language.
Coyotepec Popoloca * Mezontla Popoloca * San Felipe Otlaltepec Popoloca * San Juan Atzingo Popoloca:
    San Luis Temalacayuca Popoloca * San Marcos Tlalcoyalco Popoloca * Santa Ines Ahuatempan Popoloca:
    Demographic information about the Popoloca languages from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Chocho-Popoloka Language Tree * Metzontla Popoloca Language Tree * San Luís Popoloca Language Tree * Santa Inés Popoloca Language Tree:
    Western Popoloka Language Tree * Eastern Popoloka Language Tree * Northern Popoloka Language Tree:
    Theories about Abenaki's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Coyotepec Popoloca Language Structures * Metzontla Popoloca Language Structures * Atzingo Popoloca Language Structures:
    Popoloca linguistic profiles and academic bibliographies.

Links, References, and Additional Information

  Endangered Languages Project: Popoloca:
Bibliography of Popoloca language resources.
   Chichimeca * Popoloca People:
    Encyclopedia articles about the Popolocas.
   Lengua Popolaca:
    Information on the Popoloca language in Spanish.

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