Native Languages of the Americas: Tonkawa Indian Legends
This is our collection of links to Tonkawa folktales and traditional stories that can be read online.
We have indexed our American legend section
by tribe to make them easier to locate; however, variants on the same
legend are often told by American Indians from different tribes, especially if those tribes are kinfolk or neighbors to
each other. In particular, though these legends come from the Tonkawas, the traditional stories of
related tribes like the Caddo and
Wichita tribes are very similar.
Enjoy the stories! If you would like to recommend a Tonkawa legend for this page or think one of the ones on here
should be removed, please contact us and let us know.
Coyote (Ha:csokonayla or Ha:csokonay):
Coyote is the trickster figure of the Tonkawa tribe. In some Tonkawa legends, Coyote plays the role of a gullible buffoon; in others, he is a more serious
mythological character who helps the people and has impressive magical powers. His Tonkawa name, Ha:csokonay, does not literally mean "Coyote,"
but rather "owner of the earth"-- Tonkawa people honored Coyote as the master of other animals, and prayed to him for hunting success.