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Warm Springs Indian Language

The Warm Springs Indians are a confederation of tribes of central Oregon. Tribes represented on the Warm Springs reservation include the Tenino, Tygh, Wasco, and Northern Paiute tribes. Most of these bands were compelled to move onto Warm Springs from other locations in Oregon, and they spoke different languages, so they mostly had to give up their disparate languages in order to survive together. There are still some Tenino speakers at Warm Springs, and the tribe has recently been working to revive the Kiksht dialect of Wasco.

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Warm Springs Language Links

Tenino Language:
    Our resources about the Tenino language of Warm Springs.
Wasco Language:
    Our resources about the Wasco language (including Kiksht)
Paiute Language:
    Our resources about the Northern Paiute language.

Warm Springs Culture and History Links

The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs:
    Homepage of the Warm Springs Tribes today.
The Museum at Warm Springs:
    Homepage of the Warm Springs tribal museum.
Warm Springs Reservation:
    Article on the history of the Warm Springs tribe from Access Genealogy.
Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs:
    Wikipedia article on the Warm Springs Indians.
Four Directions: Warm Springs:
    Timeline and links about Warm Springs history.

Books for sale on the Warm Springs Indians

The People of Warm Springs:
    Book on the history and traditions of the Warm Springs confederation, published by the tribe.
A Guide to the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest:
    History of the Northwest Coast tribes, including a section on the Warm Springs.
The Invisible Culture: Communication in Classroom and Community on the Warm Springs Indian Reservation:
    Interesting book about culture and education among the Warm Springs tribes.

Links, References, and Additional Information

Los Warm Springs:
Information about the Warm Springss and their language in Spanish.



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