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Sac and Fox Culture and History

As a complement to our Sauk-Fox language information, we would like to share our collection of indexed links about the Sac and Fox people and various aspects of their society. The emphasis of these pages is on American Indians as a living people with a present and a future as well as a past. Sac and Fox history is interesting and important, but the Sac and Fox are still here today, too, and we try to feature modern writers as well as traditional folklore, contemporary art as well as museum pieces, and the issues and struggles of today as well as the tragedies of yesterday. Suggestions for new links are always welcome.

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Our Sac and Fox Websites

Meskwaki Language:
    Information and language learning materials from the Meskwaki Indian language.
Sac and Fox Facts for Kids:
    Questions and answers about Sac and Fox culture.
Fox Indian Legends:
    Collection of Sac and Fox Indian stories and folktales.

Sac and Fox Tribal and Community Links

Sac and Fox Nation:
    Homepage of the Sac and Fox of Oklahoma.
Meskwaki Nation:
    Homepage of the Sac and Fox tribe of Iowa.
Meskwaki Settlement School:
    Homepage of the tribal school at Tama, Iowa.
Meskwaki Bingo Casino * Sac-n-Fox Casino:
    Homepages of the Sac & Fox tribal casinos in Iowa and Kansas.

Maps of Sac and Fox Lands

Michigan Indian Maps:
    Tribal maps showing the original territory of the Sauk and Fox Indians and their neighbors.
Iowa Indian Reservations * Kansas Indian Reservations:
    Maps showing the locations of the Sac and Fox reservations today.
Virtual Museum of New France: Southern Algonquians:
    Historical maps and articles about the Sac and Fox, Menominee, Shawnee, and other tribes.

Sac and Fox Lifestyle and Tradition

River of Song: Meskwaki Culture:
    Essay on the Meskwaki people of Iowa, by a Meskwaki elder.
    History and traditional culture of the Mesquakie.
The Sauk (Sac) and Fox (Mesquakie) Nation:
    Past and present culture of the Sauk and Fox Indians,
Sauk Legends * Fox Legends:
    Collections of Fox and Sauk Indian legends and folktales.
Sac and Fox Powwow Dancing * Meskwaki Pow Wow Pictures * Mesquaki Powwow:
    Photo galleries and videos from Fox and Sauk powwows.
Sac and Fox Nation of Oklahoma * Meskwaki Indian Settlement of Iowa * Sac and Fox Nations of Iowa:
    Fox and Sauk flags.
Sac and Fox Nation License Plates * Sac and Fox Tribe License Plate:
    Oklahoma Sac-Fox license plate.
Sac and Fox News:
    Monthly tribal newsmagazine.
Native American Spirituality:
    Advice for people researching traditional Fox and Sauk and other American Indian religion.
Language and Religion:
    Sioux writer Charles Eastman's encounter with the Meskwaki Nation.
Great Lakes Indian Dress * Fox Costume * Sauk Costume * Meskwaki Clothes and Accessories * Native Costume:
    Traditional Sac and Fox and other Indian clothing.

Sac and Fox Literature and Arts

Sac and Fox Authors * Mesquakie Authors * Fox Authors:
    Sac and Fox writers, their lives and work.
Ray A. Young Bear * Ray Young Bear * Young Bear * Ray Young Bear:
    Black Eagle Child: The Facepaint Narratives * Remnants of the First Earth:
    The Invisible Musician * The Rock Island Hiking Club * Winter of the Salamander:
    Ray Young Bear, contemporary Mesquakie poet.
Meskwaki Traditional Arts:
    Online exhibit of Meskwaki beadwork, basketry, and other crafts.
Native American Art:
    Information, photographs and links about Mesquakie-Sauk and other native art.
Storm Seymour:
    Homepage of a Meskwaki singer/songwriter.

Sac and Fox History Links

Sauk and Fox History:
    Tribal history of the Sauk and Fox Indians.
Meskwaki History:
    History of the Meskwaki Indians.
Sauk Indians:
    History of the Sauk Indians in Ohio.
Winnebagoes, Sacs and Foxes:
    History of the Native American tribes of Iowa.
Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri Community Profile:
    Sac and Fox history and environmental profile.
Last Meskwaki Code Talker Remembers:
    Article about the eight Meskwaki Indians who served as code-talkers in World War II.
The Fox (Meskwaki) Wars:
    History of the Fox Wars.
Black Hawk * Biography of Black Hawk * Black Hawk: An Autobiography:
    Hunting a Shadow * Battle of Wisconsin Heights * Massacre at Bad Axe:
    Sauk leader Black Hawk (Makataimeshekiakiak) and the Black Hawk War.
    Sauk Chief Keokuk.
Jim Thorpe * Athlete of the Century * Jim Thorpe: 20th-Century Jock * World's Greatest Athlete:
    Legendary Sac-Fox athlete Jim Thorpe.
Bill Leaf * James Poweshiek:
    Oral histories from two Mesquakie Indians.

Sac and Fox Genealogy

Native American Genealogy:
    Direction for those seeking American Indian ancestors.

Books for sale on the Sac and Fox
Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links

The Sac and Fox Indians:
    Overview of Sac and Fox culture and history.
The Fox Wars:
    History of the Mesquaki Indians and their conflict with the French.
Black Hawk * Black Hawk's Autobiography * Life of Black Hawk * Life of Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak:
    Differing versions of Sauk leader Black Hawk's translated autobiography.
Hunting a Shadow * Battle of Wisconsin Heights * Massacre at Bad Axe:
    Black Hawk and the Warrior's Path:
    Other books about Blackhawk and the Sauk War.
Stories and Legends Of the Stillacuamish, Sauks and Allied Tribes * Fox Texts:
    Mesquaki-Sauk and other Indian folklore.
Ethnography of the Fox Indians * The Fox Buffalo-Head Dance * Contributions to Fox Ethnology:
    Sacred Bundles of the Sac and Fox Indians:
    Ethnology/anthropology texts on the Fox Indians.
Wolf That I Am:
    Interesting book about the ethical pitfalls of anthropological studies, by a student who lived among the Meskwakis.
Jim Thorpe: 20th-Century Jock * Jim Thorpe, World's Greatest Athlete * Jim Thorpe:
    Sauk and Fox Native American Indian Stories: Jim Thorpe:
    Books about Sac-Fox athlete Jim Thorpe.
Black Eagle Child: The Facepaint Narratives * Remnants of the First Earth * The Invisible Musician:
    The Rock Island Hiking Club * Winter of the Salamander:
    Books by Meskwaki author Ray A. Young Bear.
American Indian Books:
    Evolving list of books about Native Americans in general.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

  Sac and Fox Indians:
  Encyclopedia article about the the Sac and Fox.
  Los Sauk-Fox:
  Information about the Sac and Fox Indians in Spanish.
  Four Directions: Sac and Fox:
  Sauk and Fox links.

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