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Vocabulary in Native American Languages: Apache Words

Welcome to our Apache vocabulary page! Apache is an Athabaskan language, related to other languages like Navajo and Gwich'in. We have included twenty basic Apache words here, enough to provide a basic comparison with related American Indian languages. All the nouns are singular and all the verbs are 3rd person singular ("he or she sings") because many indigenous languages don't have a separate infinitive ("to sing") the way English and French do.

You can find a broader selection of Apache Indian words in our online picture glossaries. If you would like to know an Apache word that is not included in any of these wordlists, you can take part in our Indian translations fundraiser, consult an American Indian dictionary, or visit our main Apache language site for more free resources.

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Apache Word Set

(Click here for Apache pronunciation guide)

English (Français) Jicarilla Apache words Mescalero Apache words Western Apache words
One (Un) Dałaa Dáłe'é Dałaa
Two (Deux) Naakii Naaki Naki
Three (Trois) Kái’ii Tai' Táági
Four (Quatre) Dįį'ii Dįį' Dįį'i
Five (Cinq) Ashdle' Ąąshdlai' Ashdla'i
Man (Homme) Haskįįyįį Haastį' Ndeeń
Woman (Femme) Izdzáníí Izdząą Izdzán
Dog (Chien) Chíníí Chúúné Góshé or Łichánee
Sun (Soleil) Ya'íí Sháa Ya'áí
Moon (Lune) Tł'é'na'áí Tł'é'na'áí Tł'é'gona'áí
Water (Eau) Kóh
White (Blanc) Łigai Łiga Łigai
Yellow (Jaune) Łitso Łitsu Łitsog
Red (Rouge) Łichíí Łitu Łichíí
Black (Noir) Łizhįį Łizhį Diłhił
Eat (Manger) Iyą Iyą Yiyąą
See (Voir) Yaa'įį Yiiłtse Yo'įį
Hear (Entendre) Yidiits'e Yidiits'e Yidits'įh
Sing (Chanter) Ha'dishéí Haadi'a Ha'do'aał
Leave (Partir) Deeyá Idzúút'i Deyaa

Click here to see Apache vocabulary words compared to words in related Athabaskan languages: Athabaskan Indian Words

Apache Picture Dictionaries

Here are some themed Apache word lists we have put together and illustrated for language learners. Feel free to print them out for classroom purposes!

*Apache animal words
*Apache body parts
*Apache color words
*Apache number words

Additional Resources

   Arizona Indian tribes
   Native American dictionary
   Native American names
   Southern Athabaskan languages

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