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Vocabulary Words in the Na-Dene/Athabaskan Language Family

These Na-Dene words are not spelled phonetically--each word is spelled according to the orthography of its own language, so if you're not familiar with these languages you will need to follow the links to see how to pronounce them. We are working on a second chart transcribed into IPA symbols. We have included twenty basic Athabascan words, enough to give you a feeling for each language. All the nouns are singular and all the verbs are 3rd person singular ("he or she sings") because many Native American languages don't have a separate infinitive ("to sing") the way English and French do.

If you would like to know an Athabaskan word that is not currently on our page, you can take part in our American Indian translations fundraiser or visit our main Athabaskan languages site for more free resources.

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Athabaskan Word Sets

Apachean Languages Northern Athabaskan Languages Pacific Coast Athabaskan Languages Distant Relatives
English (Français) Jicarilla Apache Western Apache Navajo Ahtna Carrier Chipewyan Gwich'in Klatskanie Koyukon Sarcee Hupa Kato Mattole Tolowa Tututni Wailaki Haida Tlingit
One (Un) Dałaa Dałaa Łáá'íí Ts'ełk'ey 'Ilho Įłághε Ihłak Łi K'eeł Tłìk'azá La' Lhaa'haa' Ləiha' Hla' Łasha Lhai'haa' Sgwáansang Tléix'
Two (Deux) Naakii Naki Naaki Nadaeggi Nanki Náke Neekaii Natke Neteekk'ee Ákíyi Nahx Naakaa' Nakxəh Naxai Naxe Naakaa' Sdáng Déix
Three (Trois) Kái’ii Táági Táá' Ta Taaggi Taghε Tik Take Tokk'ee Táyk'í Taaq Taak' Daak'əh Taqe Take Taak Hlgúnahl Nús'k
Four (Quatre) Dįį'ii Dįį'i Dįį' Dinc'ii Dunghi Dįghi Dàang Tunchi Denk'ee Diitc'íí Dink Naakaa'naakaa' Dintc'yəh Dunch'i Tunchi Denky'en Stánsang Dax'ón
Five (Cinq) Ashdle' Ashdla'i Ashdla' 'Ałts'eni Kwulai' Solághε Ihłokwinlì' Łiqunnughan K'eełts'ednaale Gúùt'áá Chwoola' Laa'saanii Djikxla' Shwela Shwula Daashkalaa' Tléihl Keijín
Man (Homme) Haskįįyįį Ndeeń Hastiin Ciił Dene Dεnεyu Dinjii Xunani Denaa Dìná, K'òt'íní'i Den or Xhosdai Din   Chusne Tisne Kaat'iinin Íihlangaa Káh
Woman (Femme) Izdzáníí Izdzán Asdzání Ts'akae Ts'ekoo Ts'έkwi Oonjit W'ati Sołt'aanh Ts'ìká Aat Tc'eek   Trunxai Tsaxe Tc'eektcin Jáadaa Shawút
Dog (Chien) Chíníí Góshé or Łichánee Łééchąą'í Łic'ae Lhike Łį Łaii Łin Łeek Tłítc'á Ling Naalhghii Naat'łíí Hlen Łi Naat'ii Xa Kèitl
Sun (Soleil) Ya'íí Ya'áí Shá Saa   Sa Srii' Ghałi So Chataghá Wha Shaa Shaa Xwet'e Xashi Shaa Juuyáay Gugán
Moon (Lune) Tł'é'na'áí Tł'é'gona'áí Tł'éhonaa'éí Baldzaey   Tεdhεzaέ Oozrii' Ghałi Dołt'ol Yilnágha Xhatlewha Naaghai Shaa Chagutlsri Chaghalsi Kit'eeshaa Kúng Dís
Water (Eau) Kóh Tuu Ta Chuu Tu Tu Too To Too Too Tutlxut Tulxata Too Gántl Ísh
White (Blanc) Łigai Łigai Łigaii Lggeyi Lhyul Dεlgai Dagàii Łqiyi Kk'ule' Dììgúc Liqay Lhgai Łiigəi Hlki Łki Lhgai Gadáang Dlèit
Yellow (Jaune) Łitso Łitsog Łitsooí Ltsooy Dultso Dεltthogh   Shimalakun Tlughe' Díítsuw Litsow Lhtciik Łitsəw Hltsu Łtsu Lhtciit Kuntlutl Tl'atl
Red (Rouge) Łichíí Łichíí Łichíí' Lt'eli Dulk'un Dεlk'os Ch'ik Łtsiki K'kes Díík'az   Lhtciik Łitcidj Hlsrik Łsuk Lhtciit Sgíidang Xàn
Black (Noir) Łizhįį Diłhił Łizhiní Lt'uudzi Dulhgus Dεlzεn Zraii Tesqunizi T'aaze' Dícgòc Liwhin Lhshin Łishin Hlshun Łshin Lhtcin Hlgahls T'òoch'
Eat (Manger) Iyą Yiyąą Yiyą C'eyaan 'U'alh Shέti A'àa     Yísno Tang Ch'oyaan Yan     Eca Táagang Yaxaa
See (Voir) Yaa'įį Yo'įį Yoo'į Nał'aen   Yε'į Gwinah'ii       'Ing Isaan 'In     Yilhsun   Siteen
Hear (Entendre) Yidiits'e Yidits'įh Yidiists'a'     Yεrítth'į Yijiitth'ak         Ts'eegh Ts'əts'an     Tsaan   Ya'aax
Sing (Chanter) Ha'dishéí Ha'do'aał Hashtaał   Ijun Hεjεn Èdlih   K'edelyaayh Idjín Tiw Lee'       Lee K'ajúugang Yashee
Leave (Partir) Deeyá Deyaa Diiyá     Tįgha       Xàya Yaawhya   Yaaxyai     Tinyaa   Jiyanaak

Additional Resources

   Wikipedia: Athabaskan



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