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Atsahuaca Pronunciation and Spelling Guide

Welcome to our Atsahuaca alphabet page! The following charts show the pronunciation for the Atsahuaca orthography we have used on our site, as well as some alternate spellings that you may find in other books and websites.

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Atsahuaca Vowels

Character
We Use:
Sometimes
Also Used:
IPA symbol: Atsahuaca pronunciation:
a    a Like the a in father.
e  i, ï, y  i This sound does not exist in English. It sounds like the i in police only pronounced further back in the mouth. If you've ever heard a Slavic language like Russian or Polish being spoken, it is the same "dark i" sound from those languages.
i    i Like the i in police.
u  o   ~ o Like the u in put or the o in note.

Nasal Vowels

Nasal vowels don't exist in English, but you may be familiar with them from French (or from hearing people speak English with a French accent.) They are pronounced just like oral ("regular") vowels, only using your nose as well as your mouth. To English speakers, a nasal vowel often sounds like a vowel with a half-pronounced "n" at the end of it. You can hear examples of nasal vowels at the end of the French words "bon" and "Jean," or in the middle of the word "Français."

Character
We Use:
Sometimes
Also Used:
IPA symbol:
an  ã ã
en  ẽ ĩ
in  ĩ ĩ
un  õ õ

Atsahuaca Consonants

Character
We Use:
Sometimes
Also Used:
IPA symbol: Atsahuaca pronunciation:
c  k, qu  k As in the Spanish alphabet (from which the Atsahuaca alphabet was adapted), both qu and c can represent the k sound in English key.
d  r  d Like the d in day.
ch  č  t Like ch in chair.
f    φ ~ β A bilabial fricative, like an English "f" or "v" sound but pronounced without touching the upper teeth to the lower lip. The Spanish "v" and the Japanese "f" sound like this Atsahuaca sound.
h  j  h Like h in hay.
m    m Like m in moon.
n    n Like n in night.
p    p Like the p in pie.
qu  k, c  k As in the Spanish alphabet (from which the Atsahuaca alphabet was adapted), both qu and c can represent the k sound in English key.
r  d   Like the r in Spanish pero, somewhat like the tt in American English butter.
s    s Like s in sun.
x  sh, š   ~ ʂ Like sh in shell or the retroflex sz of Polish..
t    t Like t in tie.
ts  tz  ts Like ts in cats.
w  hu  w Like w in way.
y    j Like y in yes.

Atsahuaca Indian Pronunciation and Vocabulary Resources

   The Amazonian Languages
   Atsahuaca words
   Atsahuaca
   Panoan languages
   Amazonian tribes
   Peru Indians

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