Welcome to our Connecticut State Facts section, part of an educational project
designed to provide information about indigenous people in different U.S. states.
Follow the links to the right of our tribal map for more information about the language, culture and history
of each Connecticut tribe, or scroll below the map for Connecticut Indian activities including a wordsearch,
fact sheets for kids about each tribe, and worksheets teaching words from the different Native American languages
of Connecticut. Feel free to print any of these materials out for classroom use!
American Indians in Connecticut
Did you know the name "Connecticut" is an Algonquian Indian word? It means "long river" and
refers to the Connecticut River.
The original Algonquian-speaking inhabitants of the area that is now Connecticut included:
There were originally many small American Indian tribes in the Connecticut area, including the Mohegan, Pequot, Niantic, Nipmuc, Mattabesic, Schaghticoke, Paugussett,
and others. Though all of them spoke related languages and shared many cultural similarities, each tribe had its own leadership and its own territory.
However, European epidemics and warfare devastated the Connecticut Indians, and the survivors had to merge with each other to survive.
Soon there were no longer clear distinctions between the groups, and today most Native Americans of Connecticut have heritage from more than one
of these original tribes, regardless of which tribe they officially belong to. All of their languages have been lost, but native people continue to preserve their
cultural heritage in Connecticut today.
There are two federally recognized Indian tribes in Connecticut today.
Here are the addresses of Connecticut's Indian reservations:
1 Mashantucket Pequot Nation:
PO Box 3060
Mashantucket, CT 06339