American Indian languages
American Indian cultures
What's new on our site today!
Lower Cowlitz Language (Stl'pulimuhkl)
Lower Cowlitz is a Salishan language of Washington state,
related to Chehalis. The people's original name for themselves
was Stl'pulmsh-- Cowlitz was the name of the river whose banks they lived on. The Upper Cowlitz, whose traditional homelands
are located further up the same river, are a Sahaptin tribe who spoke a dialect of the unrelated
Neither Cowlitz Salish nor Cowlitz Sahaptian are spoken as first languages today, but the Cowlitz tribes are working on reviving
their traditional languages, as well as the Chinook Jargon trade
language that was used extensively in this region.
Our list of vocabulary words in Cowlitz, with comparison to words in other Salishan languages.
Demographic information about the Lower Cowlitz language from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Cowlitz Language Tree:
Theories about Cowlitz's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Cowlitz Indian Tribe
Official homepage of the Cowlitz tribe.
Curtis' early 20th-century ethnography of the Cowlitz Indians.
Background and History of the Cowlitz Tribe
Article on Cowlitz history and culture.
Collection of Cowlitz Indian legends and folktales.
History of the Cowlitz tribe's interactions with the Lewis and Clark expedition.
Four Directions: Cowlitz:
Timeline and links about Cowlitz history.
Legends of the Cowlitz Indian Tribe
Book of traditional Cowlitz stories for sale online.
A Guide to the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest:
Book on the history of the Northwest Coast tribes, including a section on the Cowlitz.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Information on the Cowlitz language in Spanish.
Encyclopedia articles on the Cowlitz people and their language.
Native Languages of the Americas website © 1998-2015 Contacts and FAQ page
Back to the list of American Indian tribes
Back to our American Indian website for kids
Would you like to sponsor our work on the Cowlitz language?