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Lower Cowlitz Language (Stl'pulimuhkl)

Lower Cowlitz is a Salishan language of Washington state, related to Chehalis. The people's original name for themselves was Stl'pulmsh-- Cowlitz was the name of the river whose banks they lived on. The Upper Cowlitz, whose traditional homelands are located further up the same river, are a Sahaptin tribe who spoke a dialect of the unrelated Yakama language. Neither Cowlitz Salish nor Cowlitz Sahaptian are spoken as first languages today, but the Cowlitz tribes are working on reviving their traditional languages, as well as the Chinook Jargon trade language that was used extensively in this region.

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Cowlitz Language Resources

Cowlitz Vocabulary
     Our list of vocabulary words in Cowlitz, with comparison to words in other Salishan languages.
     Demographic information about the Lower Cowlitz language from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Cowlitz Language Tree:
    Theories about Cowlitz's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
*Coast Salish Comparative Vocabulary:
    Early 20th-century wordlists of the Snohomish, Nisqualli, Cowlitz, and other Salishan languages.

Cowlitz Culture and History Links

Cowlitz Indian Tribe
     Official homepage of the Cowlitz tribe.
The Cowlitz:
     Curtis' early 20th-century ethnography of the Cowlitz Indians.
Background and History of the Cowlitz Tribe
     Article on Cowlitz history and culture.
Cowlitz Legends:
    Collection of Cowlitz Indian legends and folktales.
Cowlitz Indians
     History of the Cowlitz tribe's interactions with the Lewis and Clark expedition.
Four Directions: Cowlitz:
    Timeline and links about Cowlitz history.

Books For Sale On The Cowlitz Tribe
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Legends of the Cowlitz Indian Tribe
     Book of traditional Cowlitz stories for sale online.
A Guide to the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest:
    Book on the history of the Northwest Coast tribes, including a section on the Cowlitz.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

Lengua Cowlitz:
Information on the Cowlitz language in Spanish.
Wikipedia: Cowlitz:
Encyclopedia articles on the Cowlitz people and their language.

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