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Native Languages

Salishan Language Family



Spoken in the northwestern US and southwestern Canada, Salish languages include:

  • Coast Salish Languages
  • Central Salish Languages
  • North-Central Salishan Languages
  • Comox
  • Pentlatch
  • Sechelt
  • South-Central Salishan Languages
  • Straits Salishan Languages
  • Klallam
  • Northern Straits Salish (Saanich)
  • Halkomelem
  • Nooksack
  • Squamish
  • Lushootseed (Puget Sound Salish/Skagit/Snohomish)
  • Twana (Skokomish)
  • Tsamosan Languages
  • Inland Tsamosan Languages
  • Lower Chehalis
  • Quinault
  • Maritime Tsamosan Languages
  • Cowlitz
  • Upper Chehalis
  • Tillamook
  • Interior Salish Languages
  • Northern Interior Salishan Languages
  • Lillooet (St'at'imcets)
  • Shuswap (Secwepemctsin)
  • Thompson (Nlaka'pamux)
  • Southern Interior Salishan Languages
  • Coeur d'Alene
  • Flathead Salish/Kalispel/Spokane
  • Okanagan (Colville)
  • Wenatchi (Columbia)
  • Nuxalk (Bella Coola)
  • Native Languages

    Our Salishan Language Features

    Salishan Vocabulary:
         Words in various Salishan languages.

    Links to Other Salishan Language Resources

    A Family Tree of the Salishan Languages:
         Pictorial chart of the Salishan languages and their relationships.
    Salishan Language Family:
         Ethnologue of Salishan languages.
    Salishan Languages:
        Overview of the Salishan Indian languages, their history and distribution.

    Salishan Language Materials Available Offline

    The Salish Language Family:
         Comparative syntax and morphology of Salishan languages.
    Bibliography Of The Salishan Languages:
         Pilling's venerable survey of Salishan linguistic studies.
    Salish Languages and Linguistics:
         Theoretical and descriptive perspectives.

    Culture and History of the Salishan Indians

    Mourning Dove: A Salishan Autobiography:
         Interesting life story of a Colville Salishan woman, from the American Indian Lives series.
    Folk Tales of Salishan and Sahaptin Tribes:
         Classic collection of Salishan and Sahaptian legends and oral history.
    Tales from the Bitterroot Valley:
         A good collection of Salish folk stories from Montana.




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