Crowfoot was a Blackfoot Indian leader of the 19th century.
His Blackfoot name was Isapo-Muxika (also spelled Sahpo Muxika, Issapoo-Mahksika, Issapóómahksika, Is'sapomahksika,
and other ways,) which literally means "Large Crow Foot."
As was typical of Plains Indian men, Crowfoot actually went by many different names during his lifetime, including Bear Spirit
and Packs A Knife. Crowfoot was a family name he inherited after his elder brother's death.
Crowfoot was born into the
Kainai (Blood) tribe of Alberta, but joined the
Siksika tribe as a child when his widowed mother married
a Siksika warrior, and later grew up to become chief of the Siksikas. Crowfoot was known as both a warrior and as
a skilled diplomat who successfully negotiated peace between Canada's government and the
Blackfoot tribes. Chief Crowfoot died of illness in 1890.