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Chief Crowfoot of the Blackfoot Tribe
Crowfoot was a Blackfoot Indian leader of the 19th century.
His Blackfoot name was Isapo-Muxika (also spelled Sahpo Muxika, Issapoo-Mahksika, Issapóómahksika, Is'sapomahksika,
and other ways,) which literally means "Large Crow Foot."
As was typical of Plains Indian men, Crowfoot actually went by many different names during his lifetime, including Bear Spirit
and Packs A Knife. Crowfoot was a family name he inherited after his elder brother's death.
Crowfoot was born into the
Kainai (Blood) tribe of Alberta, but joined the
Siksika tribe as a child when his widowed mother married
a Siksika warrior, and later grew up to become chief of the Siksikas. Crowfoot was known as both a warrior and as
a skilled diplomat who successfully negotiated peace between Canada's government and the
Blackfoot tribes. Chief Crowfoot died of illness in 1890.
Books about Crowfoot
Crowfoot, Chief of the Blackfeet:
Biography of the Blackfoot Indian chief Crowfoot.
The Canadians: Crowfoot:
Another book about Crowfoot and the history of the Blackfoot tribe in the 19th century.
Blackfeet and Buffalo: Memories of Life Among the Indians:
Collection of Blackfoot oral histories including several about Crow Foot.
Here are some links to online information about Crowfoot:
Crowfoot School of the Siksika Nation
Dictionary of Canadian Biography: Crowfoot
Encyclopedia of the Great Plains: Crowfoot
Crowfoot, Blackfeet Chief
Wikipedia: Chief Crowfoot
And here are our webpages about the Blackfoot tribe and language:
Blackfoot Facts for Kids
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