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Pied-Noir (Pieds-Noirs)

"Pied-Noir" is an alternate name for the Blackfoot tribe. It literally means "black foot" in French, and was a translation of the tribal name Siksika (which also means "black foot.")

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"Pied-Noir" has become a confusing term for many people. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the term Pied-Noir was only used to refer to Blackfoot Native Americans, but in the 1950's, it began to be used to refer to ethnic French Algerians, and to other North Africans of European descent. In French, Pied-Noir is still used interchangeably to refer to either group of people, but in English, modern references to Pieds-Noirs almost always refer to the North African communities (whereas older historical texts are always referring to the Blackfoot Native American tribe.)

Here are links to our webpages about the Pied-Noir tribe and language:
 Blackfeet language
 Blackfoot tribe
 Blackfeet names
 Algonquian language family
 Canadian First Nations
 Plains Indian tribes

Here are some French websites about the Native American Pied-Noirs:
 Les indiens Blackfeet ou Pieds-Noirs
 Langue pied-noir
 Confédération des Pieds-Noirs

Here are a few websites about the North African Pied-Noirs:
 Remembering French Algeria: Pieds-Noirs, Identity, and Exile
 The History of the Pied-Noirs
 Footprints of Pied-Noirs reach deep into France
 Wikipedia: Pieds-Noirs

Here are a few good books about the Pied-Noirs:
 Blackfoot Ways of Knowing
 Blackfoot Stories of Old
 Blackfoot Dictionary

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