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Gabrielino Pronunciation and Spelling Guide

Welcome to our Gabrielino alphabet page! The following charts show the pronunciation for the Gabrielino orthography we have used on our site, as well as some alternate spellings that you may find in other books and websites.

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Gabrielino Vowels

We Use:
Also Used:
IPA symbol: Gabrielino pronunciation:
a    a Like the a in father.
aa  á  a Like a only held longer.
e    ε Like the e in red.
ee  é  e Like the ey in they.
i  ə, ü  i ~ ə This sound doesn't exist in English-- it's similar to the "dark i" of Slavic languages. Modern Gabrielino/Tongva people pronounce this sound similar to the i in hit or the a in about.
ii  í  i Like the i in police.
o   o Like the o in note.
u   u Like the u in flute.
uu  ú  u Like u only held longer.

Gabrielino Consonants

We Use:
Also Used:
IPA symbol: Gabrielino pronunciation:
ch  č  t Like ch in child.
h    h Like h in hay.
k  c, qu, g  k Like k in king.
kw  qu  kw Like qu in queen.
l    l Like l in light.
m    m Like m in moon.
n    n Like n in night.
ng    ŋ Like ng in sing.
p  b  p Like p in pine.
r     Like the r in Spanish pero, somewhat like the tt in American English butter.
s    s Like s in see.
sh  š   Like sh in shell.
t  d  t Like t in time.
v  b  v ~ β Like v in vine. Sometimes it is pronounced like the bilabial v in Spanish navidad instead.
w  u w Like w in way.
x  j  x Raspy sound like the j in Spanish jalapeño.
xw  hw  xw Light raspy sound like blowing out a candle.
y    j Like y in yes.
 ʔ, ?   A pause sound, like the one in the middle of the word "uh-oh."

Gabrielino Indian Pronunciation and Vocabulary Resources

   Gabrielino words
   Gabrielino picture dictionary
   Uto-Aztecan language family
   Native American tribes of Southern California
   Gabrielino stories

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