Welcome to our Illinois State Facts section, part of an educational project
designed to provide information about indigenous people in different U.S. states.
Follow the links to the right of our tribal map for more information about the language, culture and history
of each Illinois tribe, or scroll below the map for Illinois Indian activities including a wordsearch,
fact sheets, and words from the Native American languages
of Illinois. Feel free to print any of these materials out for classroom use!
American Indians in Illinois
Did you know the name "Illinois" is an Algonquian Indian word? It comes from the
Miami-Illinois tribal name Illiniwek, which means "the people."
The Illini Indians were not the only Native Americans in Illinois, however.
The original inhabitants of the area that is now Illinois included:
There are no federally recognized Indian tribes in Illinois today.
The Indian tribes of Illinois are not extinct, but like many other native tribes, they were forced to move to Indian reservations in Oklahoma by the American
government. You can find their present-day locations by clicking on the tribal links above.
Teaching and learning activities about Illinois Native American Indians: