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Vocabulary in Native American Languages: Mesquaki-Sauk (Sac and Fox) Words

Welcome to our Sac and Fox vocabulary page! Sac and Fox, also known as Sauk, Mesquakie, and Meskwaki, is an Algonquian language, related to other languages like Blackfoot and Ojibwe. We have included twenty basic Sac and Fox words here, to compare with related American Indian languages. You can find more Meskwaki-Sauk Indian words in our online picture glossaries. If you'd like to know a word that is not in these wordlists, you can take part in our American Indian translations fundraiser or visit our main Meskwaki-Sauk language site for more free resources.

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Meskwaki-Sauk Word Set

Meskwaki and Sauk are two dialects of the same language. They are very closely related and speakers of the two languages can understand each other easily, but, like American English and British English, the two dialects do have some different sounds and a few different words.

(Click here for Sac and Fox pronunciation guide)

English (Français) Meskwaki words Sauk words
One (Un) Nekoti Nekoti
Two (Deux) Ni·šwi Nîshwi
Three (Trois) Neswi Nethwi
Four (Quatre) Nye·wi Nyêwi
Five (Cinq) Nya·nanwi Nyânanwi
Man (Homme) Neniwa Neniwa
Woman (Femme) Ihkwe·wa Ihkwêwa
Dog (Chien) Anemo·ha Anemôha
Sun (Soleil) Ki·šeswa Kîshethwa
Moon (Lune) Ki·šeswa Tepehkî-Kîshethwa
Water (Eau) Nepi Nepi
White (Blanc) Wa·peški Wâpeshk
Yellow (Jaune) Asa·wi Athâw
Red (Rouge) Meškwi Meshkw
Black (Noir) Mahkate·wi Mahkatêw
Eat (Manger) Mi·čiwa Mîchiwa
See (Voir) Wa·patamwa Wâpatamwa
Hear (Entendre) Ehtawe·wa Ehtamwa
Sing (Chanter) Nakamowa Nakamowa
Leave (Partir) Nakane·wa Nâkwêwa

Click here to see Sac and Fox Indian words compared to words in related Algonquian languages: Algonquian Indian Words

Fox-Sauk Picture Dictionaries

Here are some themed Fox-Sauk word lists we have put together and illustrated for language learners. Feel free to print them out for classroom purposes!

*Fox-Sauk animal words
*Fox-Sauk body parts
*Fox-Sauk color words
*Fox-Sauk number words

Additional Resources

   Sauk and Fox
   Iowa Native American tribes
   Fox stories
   Woodland Indian facts

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Learn more about the Sac and Fox Nation

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