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Aguacateco Indian Language (Awakateko, Kayol)

Language: Aguacateco is a Mayan language spoken by about 15,000 people in Guatemala. Like many Mayan languages, Aguacateco is an agglutinative language with VSO word order.

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Names: The people's own name for their language is Qa'yol, and their name for themselves is Qatanum (or sometimes Balamiha, a ritual designation meaning "Jaguar House.") Aguacateco is the Spanish name for them, deriving from the Aguacatán region in which they live. Other common spellings of these names include Awakateko, Aguacatec, Aguacateca, Aguateca, Awaketeko, Awaketeco, Aguacatan Maya, and Kayol. Chalchiteco (Chalchiteko or Chalchitec) is the name of a related Mayan group that speaks a dialect of the same language. Coyotin is another Spanish name for Aguacateco people from older literature.

Our Aguacateco Language Materials

Aguacateco Vocabulary
    Our list of vocabulary words in the Aguacateco language, with comparison to words in other Mayan languages.
Aguacatec Maya Pronunciation Guide:
    How to pronounce Aguacateco words.
Aguacateco Animal Words:
    Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Aguacatec language.
Aguacateco Body Parts:
    Online and printable worksheets to learn parts of the body in Aguacateco.
Aguacateco Colors:
    Worksheet to learn color words in Aguacateco.
Aguacateco Numbers:
    Worksheet showing how to count in the Aguacateco language.
Aguacateco Food:
    Worksheet with pictures of food words in the Aguacateco language.

Books for sale on the Aguacatecos
Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links

Diccionario Awakateko y Chalchiteko
    Aguacateco-Spanish dictionary for sale online.
We Were Taught to Plant Corn, Not to Kill
    Essays and artwork by Guatemalan Mayas about the 20th-century violence that rocked their communities.
The Ancient Maya:
    Excellent historical overview of ancient Mayan civilization in general.
Native Books:
    Evolving list of books about Mayas and Native Americans in general.

Aguacateco Language Resources

Xtx’olb’il Yol Awakateko:
    Online Awakateko glossary, with some audio clips of spoken words.
Palabras en Idioma Awakateko:
    Alphabet, vocabulary and phrasebook for Aguacatec language learners.
Language Museum: Aguacateco * Lord's Prayer in Aguacateco * Tower of Babel in Aguacateco * Awakateko Bible:
    Aguacatec translations of Biblical passages and Christian prayers.
The Bible in Aguacateco:
    Translation of the New Testament into the Aguacateco language.
Lengua Aguateco
    Information on the Aguacateco language, including a linguistic map of Guatemala. Page in Spanish.
House of Languages: Aguacateco * Linguamón: Chalchiteko:
     Information about Aguacateco and Chalchiteco language usage.
Awakateko:
    Demographic information about Aguacateco from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Awakateko Language Tree:
    Theories about Aguacateco's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Aguacateco Language Structures:
    Aguacatec linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Wikipedia: Awakatek:
    Brief encyclopedia entry on the Awakateko language.

Aguacateco Culture and History Links

Aguacateco People
    Encyclopedia articles on the Aguacateco Indians.
Awakatek Maya
    Article about Aguacateco culture and history.
Classic Maya Warfare and Weapons
    Archaeological article on traditional Aguateca and Copan Maya spear and arrow points.
Languages of Guatemala
    Map showing where the Awakateko and other indigenous communities of Guatemala are located.

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References, Links, and Additional Information

  Endangered Languages Project: Awakateko:
  Bibliography of Awakateko language resources.
  Los Aguacatecos * Los Awakatekos * Grupo Indigena Aguacateco:
  Information about the Aguacatecos in Spanish.



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