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Aguacateco Indian Language (Awakateko, Kayol)
Language: Aguacateco is a Mayan
language spoken by about 15,000 people in Guatemala. Like many Mayan languages,
Aguacateco is an agglutinative language with
VSO word order.
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The people's own name for their language is Qa'yol, and their name for themselves is
Qatanum (or sometimes Balamiha, a ritual designation meaning "Jaguar House.")
Aguacateco is the Spanish name for them, deriving from the Aguacatán region in
which they live. Other common spellings of these names include Awakateko,
Aguacatec, Aguacateca, Aguateca, Awaketeko, Awaketeco, Aguacatan Maya,
and Kayol. Chalchiteco
(Chalchiteko or Chalchitec) is the name of a related Mayan group
that speaks a dialect of the same language.
Coyotin is another Spanish name for Aguacateco
people from older literature.
Our list of vocabulary words in the Aguacateco language, with comparison to words in other Mayan languages.
Aguacatec Maya Pronunciation Guide:
How to pronounce Aguacateco words.
Aguacateco Animal Words:
Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Aguacatec language.
Aguacateco Body Parts:
Online and printable worksheets to learn parts of the body in Aguacateco.
Worksheet to learn color words in Aguacateco.
Worksheet showing how to count in the Aguacateco language.
Worksheet with pictures of food words in the Aguacateco language.
Books for sale on the Aguacatecos
Diccionario Awakateko y Chalchiteko
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Aguacateco-Spanish dictionary for sale online.
We Were Taught to Plant Corn, Not to Kill
Essays and artwork by Guatemalan Mayas about the 20th-century violence that rocked their communities.
The Ancient Maya:
Excellent historical overview of ancient Mayan civilization in general.
Evolving list of books about Mayas and Native Americans in general.
Aguacateco Language Resources
Xtx’olb’il Yol Awakateko:
Online Awakateko glossary, with some audio clips of spoken words.
Palabras en Idioma Awakateko:
Alphabet, vocabulary and phrasebook for Aguacatec language learners.
Language Museum: Aguacateco Lord's Prayer in Aguacateco Tower of Babel in Aguacateco Awakateko Bible:
Aguacatec translations of Biblical passages and Christian prayers.
The Bible in Aguacateco:
Translation of the New Testament into the Aguacateco language.
Information on the Aguacateco language, including a linguistic map of Guatemala. Page in Spanish.
House of Languages: Aguacateco Linguamón: Chalchiteko:
Information about Aguacateco and Chalchiteco language usage.
Demographic information about Aguacateco from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Awakateko Language Tree:
Theories about Aguacateco's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Aguacateco Language Structures:
Aguacatec linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Brief encyclopedia entry on the Awakateko language.
Encyclopedia articles on the Aguacateco Indians.
Article about Aguacateco culture and history.
Classic Maya Warfare and Weapons
Archaeological article on traditional Aguateca and Copan Maya spear and arrow points.
Languages of Guatemala
Map showing where the Awakateko and other indigenous communities of Guatemala are located.
References, Links, and Additional Information
Endangered Languages Project: Awakateko:
Bibliography of Awakateko language resources.
Los Aguacatecos Los Awakatekos Grupo Indigena Aguacateco:
Information about the Aguacatecos in Spanish.
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