American Indian languages * Indian tribes * Native Indian words

Aikana Pronunciation and Spelling Guide (Tubarao)

Welcome to our Aikana alphabet page! The following charts show the pronunciation for the Aikanã orthography we have used on our site, as well as some alternate spellings that you may find in other books and websites.


Sponsored Links

Aikana Vowels

Character
We Use:
Sometimes
Also Used:
IPA symbol: Aikana pronunciation:
a    a ~ ə Like the a in father. Sometimes it is pronounced more like the a in about.
e    ε Like the e in get.
i    i Like the i in police.
ö  o  ø Like ö in German schön, similar to o in English note only pronounced in the front of the mouth.
u    u Like u in flute.
ü  y  y Like German ü, similar to u in English flute only pronounced in the front of the mouth.

Aikana Nasal Vowels

Nasal vowels don't exist in English, but you may be familiar with them from French (or from hearing people speak English with a French accent.) They are pronounced just like oral ("regular") vowels, only using your nose as well as your mouth. To English speakers, a nasal vowel often sounds like a vowel with a half-pronounced "n" at the end of it. You can hear examples of nasal vowels at the end of the French words "bon" and "Jean," or in the middle of the word "Français."

Character
We Use:
Sometimes
Also Used:
IPA symbol:
ã  añ  ã
 εñ  
ĩ  iñ  ĩ
ũ  uñ  ũ

Consonants

Character
We Use:
Sometimes
Also Used:
IPA symbol: Aikana pronunciation:
b    b Like b in boy.
d    d Like d in day.
h  j  h Like h in hay.
k  c, qu, k  k Like k in key.
l    l Like l in light.
m    m Like m in moon.
n    n Like n in night.
ñ  ny  ñ Like ny in canyon.
p    p Like p in park.
r    r Like the rolling Spanish r.
s  z, c  s Like the s in sun.
t    t Like t in time.
ts  c  ts ~ t Like ts in tsunami or ch in chair.
th     Like th in then.
w  hu  w Like w in way.
y    j ~ Like y in yes. Sometimes it is pronounced more like the zh in garage.
    A pause sound, like the one in the middle of the word "uh-oh."

Aikana Indian Pronunciation and Vocabulary Resources

   The Amazonian Languages
   Aikana Indian words
   Aikana picture dictionary
   Arawakan language
   Brazilian languages

Sponsored Links



Back to Indian Culture
Back to Native Americans for kids
Back to South American Indian tribes



Indian crafts * Arizona Indian reservation * Malecite * Beothucks * Abenaki legends

Would you like to help support our organization's work with the Aikana language?



Native Languages of the Americas website © 1998-2015 * Contacts and FAQ page