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Arawakan Languages (Maipuran)



The Arawakan or Maipurean languages are Caribbean languages spoken primarily in the West Indies and the northern coast of South America. They include:

  • Northern Maipurean Languages
  • Inland/Amazonian Maipurean
  • Western Nawiki Languages
  • Piapoko Languages
  • Achagua
  • Amarizana
  • Piapoco
  • Rio Negro Maipurean
  • Cawishana
  • Jumana
  • Pasé
  • Wainuman Languages
  • Wainumá
  • Mariaté
  • Warekena Languages
  • Guarequena
  • Mandahuaca
  • Anauyá
  • Cabiyarí
  • Jukuna (Yucuna)
  • Eastern Nawiki Languages
  • Carútana
  • Curripaco (Karu)
  • Baniva do Içana
  • Tariano
  • Central Amazon Maipurean
  • Barean Languages
  • Baré
  • Guinao
  • Marawá
  • Yaviteran Languages
  • Baniva
  • Maipure
  • Yavitero
  • Manao Languages
  • Kariaí
  • Manao
  • Shiriana (Xiriana)
  • Waraiku'
  • Wiriná
  • Yabaána
  • Resígaro
  • Carribbean/Island Maipurean
  • Inyeri Languages
  • Garifuna
  • Inyeri
  • Island Carib (Kalhiphona)
  • Ta-Arawakan Languages
  • Arawak
  • Caquetio
  • Guajiro (Wayuu)
  • Paraujano
  • Shebayo
  • Taino
  • Aruán
  • Mapidian
  • Marawan
  • Mawakwa
  • Wapishana
  • Palikur
  • Southern Maipurean Languages
  • Southwestern Maipurean
  • Amuesha
  • Chamicuro
  • South-Central Maipurean
  • Paresí Languages
  • Paresi
  • Sarave
  • Waurá Languages
  • Mehináku
  • Waura
  • Yawalpití
  • Southern Maipurean (Purus-Parana)
  • Guana
  • Terena
  • Moho Languages
  • Baure
  • Mojo
  • Paunaca
  • Paicone
  • Piro Languages
  • Apurina
  • Chontaquiro
  • Inapari
  • Kanamare
  • Machinere
  • Mashco Piro
  • Yine
  • Campa Languages
  • Ashaninka
  • Asheninka
  • Caquinte
  • Machiguenga
  • Our Arawakan Language Features

    Arawakan Vocabulary:
         Words in various Arawakan languages.

    Links to Other Arawakan Language Resources

    Arawakan Languages:
         Brief overview of the Arawakan language family, with details about a few languages.
    Arawakan Languages:
        Overview of the Arawakan Indian languages and some of their important characteristics.
    Arawakan Languages:
        Encyclopedia article on the history and distribution of the Arawak languages.

    Arawakan Language Materials Available Offline

    Comparative Arawakan Histories: Rethinking Language Family and Culture Area in Amazonia:
        Historical linguistics study on the distribution and relationships between the Arawakan languages.
    Languages Of The Pre-Columbian Antilles:
        Overview of the languages of the Arawaks and other native Caribbean tribes, with maps of the areas where they were spoken.
    On Consonantal Correspondences in Three Arawakan Languages:
        Linguistic comparison of Lokono, Island Carib, and Guajiro for sale online.



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