Language: Amarakaeri is a Harakmbet
language of South America, spoken by 500 people in Peru.
There are two Amarakaeri dialects, known as Arakmbut and Kisambaeri.
Amarakaeri is closely related to the Huachipaeri
language, and some linguists consider them to be dialects of the same language as well. Amarakaeri is an
with verb-final word order (normally
and complex verb morphology.
Thanks for your interest in indigenous American languages!
Names: The origin of the name Amarakaeri is unclear. It may have been a corruption of a native band name, most of which
end with the suffix "-eri" (which roughly means "people of,") or it may have been the name for the tribe in the language of their Huachipaeri
kinfolk. Most of the people today prefer their own name for themselves, Arakmbut;
they call their language Arakmbut Háte. This same name is also used
by the Huachipaeri to refer to themselves, though, and it is also used by linguists to refer to the family of languages they belong to.
For these reasons, "Amarakaeri" is often still used to disambiguate.
Mashco, another name that has been used to refer to both
Huachipaeri and Amarakaeri people, is disliked by many Amarakaeris, especially elders, who say it was originally a derogatory name used by
an enemy tribe. Spelling variants of these tribal names include Amarakaire, Amaracaire, Amaracaeri; Arakmbet, Harakmbut, Harakmbet;
and Maschco. There have also been many Amarakaeri subgroups,
including the Kisambaeri (or Amaiweri), Kareneri (or Careneri), Kochimberi, Kupondirideri, Wintaperi, Wakitaneri, Wandakweri, and Kipodneri.