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Barasana Indian Language (Barasano, Eduria, Taiwano)
Language: Barasana is a Tucanoan language of South America.
It is spoken by 1500 people in Colombia. The language has two main dialects, Barasano (spoken by the
Panera or Hanera subgroup) and
Taiwano (spoken by the Taiwano or
Eduria subgroup.) Some linguists consider Barasano and Taiwano to be distinct languages rather than dialects of a single
language, although they are very closely related to each other.
Barasana is a tone language with
OVS word order.
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Names: Other variants of the name Barasana include Barasána, Barasano, Bara'sano, Barazana, Barasane, and
Bara'sane. Sometimes the Barasana language is also known as Barasano-Taiwano or Barasano-Eduria, to include the names of
the language's two dialects. There are two main divisions of the Barasana people, called the
Hanera (or Panera) and the
Eduria (or Taiwano.)
Hanera subgroups include the Komea
and the Yebamasa. The Barasanas and their
language are also sometimes known as Southern Barasano or Barasano del Sur, to differentiate them from the
Bara (who are sometimes known as Northern Barasanos.)
Alternate spellings of these names include Hadera, Hanena, Janera, Janena; Paneroa, Panenoa, Palanoa;
Edulia, Erulia; Taibano, Taiwaeno, Teiuana; Comea, Comemasa, Comematsa, Came-Masa; Yebamasa, Yepa-Mahsa,
Barasana language samples and resources.
Barasana Culture and History
Information and links about the Barasana tribe past and present.
Our list of vocabulary words in the Barasana language, with comparison to words in other Tucanoan languages.
Barasana Pronunciation Guide:
How to pronounce Barasana words.
Barasana Animal Words:
Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Barasana language.
Worksheet showing color words in the Baré language.
Barasana Body Parts:
Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Baré language.
Worksheet showing how to count in the Barasana language.
Barasana Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources
Barasano Syntax: Studies in the Languages of Colombia:
Book in Spanish about the Barasana language.
The Amazonian Languages:
Linguistic information about Barasana and dozens of other Amazonian languages.
Barasana Linguistic Description Barasana Orthography Barasana Phonology Barasana Grammar:
Barasana Syntax Barasana Text:
Scanned-in Barasana language materials from the Rosetta Project.
Archive of Barasana language recordings available for download.
La Lengua Barasana:
Information on Barasana including linguistic maps of South America. Page in Spanish.
Language Museum: Barasana Genesis in Barasana:
Translations of Bible passages into Barasana.
Barasana Language Tree:
Theories about Barasana's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Barasano Language Structures:
Barasana linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
House of Languages: Barasana
Information about Barasana language usage.
Demographic information on Barasana from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Wikipedia: Barasana-Eduria Language:
Encyclopedia article on the Barasana language.
Los Barasana: Los Taiwano Barasana:
Information about the Barasanas and Taiwanos in Spanish.
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