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Legendary Native American Figures: Chibiabos (Jiibayaabooz)
Tribal affiliation: Chippewa, Potawatomi, Algonquin, Meskwaki
Alternate spellings: Chipiapoos, Jiibayaabooz, Chibia'bos, Chipiapoo, Jibiaboz, Cipyapos, Cipyapus, Chipiyabos, Tcibia'bos.
Pronunciation: varies by dialect: usually chee-bee-ah-bose or jee-bee-ah-booz
Type: Lord of the Dead, hero, wolf
Related figures in other tribes: Moqwaio (Menominee), Mateguas (Abenaki)
Chibiabos is the beloved brother of the culture hero Nanabozho
in the traditional stories of many Anishinabe communities. By some versions, Chibiabos and Nanabozho are twins; according to others, Chibiabos is
Nanabozho's younger brother; and in still other tellings, Chibiabos was adopted by Nanabozho as his brother. In some communities
Chibiabos, like his brother, is associated with rabbits (his name literally means "ghost rabbit"), but in others, he was a wolf spirit
often represented in the physical form of a wolf. Chibiabos
was murdered by water spirits (usually identified as Water Panthers
or Horned Serpents),
touching off a violent chain of events that included the destruction of the earth by flood.
Afterwards, Nanabozho accepted that he could not bring his brother back to life, so Chibiabos became ruler of the underworld.
He is portrayed as a good and kind being who takes good care of the land of the dead.
Wenebojo and the Wolves:
Chippewa Indian legends about Nanabozho's adopted wolf brother Chibiabos and his tragic death.
Recommended Books of Related Native American Legends
The Mishomis Book: Voice of the Ojibway:
Excellent book by a Native author exploring Ojibway legends and traditions.
Excellent anthology of stories, songs, and oral history from the Anishinabe and related tribes.
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