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Cree Culture and History

As a complement to our Cree language information, we would like to share our collection of indexed links about the Cree people and various aspects of their society. The emphasis of these pages is on American Indians as a living people with a present and a future as well as a past. Cree history is interesting and important, but the Cree are still here today, too, and we try to feature modern writers as well as traditional folklore, contemporary art as well as museum pieces, and the issues and struggles of today as well as the tragedies of yesterday. Suggestions for new links are always welcome.

Our Cree Websites

Cree Language:
    Information and language learning materials from the Cree Indian language.
Cree Facts for Kids:
    Questions and answers about Cree culture.
Cree Legends:
    Collection of Cree Indian legends and folktales.

Cree Tribal and Community Links

Official homepages of individual Cree Nations, with information about tribal leadership, services, and events:
Little Red River Cree Nation, Alberta;

Bigstone Cree Nation, Alberta;

Samson Cree Nation, Alberta;

Woodland Cree First Nation, Alberta;

Mikisew Cree First Nation, Alberta;

Enoch Cree Nation, Alberta;

Ermineskin Cree Nation, Alberta;

Tataskweyak (Split Lake) First Nation, Manitoba;

York Factory First Nation, Manitoba;

Norway House Cree Nation, Manitoba;

Chemawawin Cree Nation, Manitoba;

Nisichawayasihk Cree Nation, Manitoba;

Peguis First Nation, Manitoba;

Opaskwayak Cree Nation, Manitoba;

Chapleau Cree First Nation, Ontario;

Moose Cree First Nation, Ontario;

Waswanipi Cree First Nation, Quebec;

Cree Nation of Mistissini, Quebec;

Ouje-Bougoumou Cree Nation, Quebec;

Cree Nation of Wemindji, Quebec;

Muskeg Lake Cree Nation, Saskatchewan;

Peter Ballantyne Cree Nation, Saskatchewan;

Lucky Man Cree Nation, Saskatchewan;


Nishnawbe Aski Nation:
    Coalition of 45 Ojibway and Cree bands in Ontario.
Grand Council of the Crees:
    Political voice of the James Bay Crees of Quebec.
Chisasibi * Eastmain * Mistissini * Nemaska * Waskaganish * Waswanipi * Wemindji * Whapmagoostui:
    Government profiles of the nine Cree First Nations of Quebec.
Quebec's Northern Crees * First Peoples: Crees:
    Information about the Cree First Nations of Quebec.
Chippewa-Cree Tribe:
    Information about the Chippewa Cree at the Rocky Boy Reservation in Montana.
Stone Child College:
    Tribally-controlled community college of the Chippewa-Cree Indians.
Cree Regional Authority: Department of Economic Development:
    Information about the CRA, administrative arm of the Cree government in Quebec.
Cree School Board:
    Information on Cree education, language learning, and curricula from the Cree School Board in Quebec.
Saskatchewan Indian Cultural Centre:
    Dedicated to the Cree, Dene, Dakota, Saulteaux Ojibway, and Assiniboine peoples.
Friends of the Lubicon:
    Non-profit group dedicated to the struggles for land rights of the Lubicon Cree.
Labrador Metis Nation:
    Representing Labrador people of mixed Indian, Inuit, and European ancestry.
Fox Lake Cree Web Portal:
    Community Internet portal with news, bulletins, links and a forum.

Maps of Cree Lands

Innu Place Names:
    Map of Quebec showing traditional East Cree and Innu placenames.
First Nations Map: * Location of Amerindian Communities:
    Maps of the eleven First Nations of Quebec.
Virtual Museum of New France: Plains Indians:
    Historical maps and articles about the Cree, Kiowa, Pawnee, and other Plains Indian tribes.

Cree Lifestyle and Tradition

Plains Cree:
    Full text of a 1979 ethnography of the Plains Cree Indians.
The Western Woods Cree:
    Curtis' early 20th-century ethnography of the Woodlands Cree Indians.
Quebec History: Cree Indians:
    Anthropology text on the Cree tribe.
Cree Tribe:
    Article on Cree history and culture.
Cree:
    History of the Cree tribe in Canada.
Plains Cree * Subarctic Cree:
    Ethnography of the Cree First Nations.
Cree People:
    History and culture of the Cree First Nation of Alberta.
Heritage Databank: Cree Indians:
    Overview of the Cree nations, with tribal maps and cultural/historical information.
Cree Indian:
    Cree web portal.
First Nations People of the Peace River Area:
    A variety of articles and historic photographs on the Sekani, Beaver, and Cree Indians of the Rocky Mountain trench.
Crees * Cree Profile:
    Cree traditional life in Quebec.
Musical Instruments: Cree:
    Cree drums.
Games of the Plains Cree * Woods Cree Ball Game * Swampy Cree Hoop Target:
    Cree games and toys.
Saskatchewan Elders:
    Interviews with Cree and other Saskatchewan First Nations elders.
Sub-Arctic Clothing Sketches * Indian Dress * Swampy Cree Cap * War-bonnets * Woods Cree Mittens * Garters:
    Traditional Cree clothing.
Cree Legends:
    Collection of Cree Indian legends and folktales.
Storytelling: The Art of Knowledge:
    Cree and Metis artifacts and storytelling.
First Nations Cradleboards:
    Photographs and descriptions of Kootenai and Cree cradle boards.
Gateway to Aboriginal Heritage: Cree * Western Woods Cree * Nehiyaw (Plains Cree):
    Online exhibit of Cree artifacts from the Canadian Museum of Civilization.
Native American Religion:
    Advice for people researching traditional Cree religion and other American Indian spirituality.
Crees:
    Articles about contemporary Cree life from Indian and Northern Affairs Canada.
Subarctic Tribes: Cree:
    Overview of gender, sex and family roles among the Cree tribes.
Cree Bannock (Frybread) * Cree Pea Soup Recipe * Cree Smoked Sturgeon * Chokecherry Pemmican * Dandelion Stir Fry:
    Traditional Cree recipes.
Peguis First Nation Flag * Bigstone Cree Flag * Red Earth Cree Flag * Kapawe'no (Grouard) Cree Flag:
    Ahtahkakoop Nation Flag * Whapmagoostui Cree Flag * Benoit First Nation Flag:
    Flags of Cree bands.
Chisasibi Mandow:
    Native-owned travel agency providing some cultural information about the Chisasibi Cree.
Along the Chipewyan-Cree Interface:
    Attitudes of the Chipewyan (Dene) people towards the Cree.
Cree * Chippewa Cree:
    Personal webpages featuring information about the Cree people (including historical portraits and biography of a Cree chief.)

Cree Literature and Arts

Native American Authors: D'Arcy McNickle * The Surrounded * Wind From an Enemy Sky:
    Runner in the Sun * The Hawk Is Hungry & Other Stories:
    Prominent Cree author D'Arcy McNickle, his biographical, ethnographical, and fiction work.
Native American Authors: Tomson Highway * The Rez Sisters:
    Dry Lips Oughta Move to Kapuskasing * Kiss of the Fur Queen:
    Contemporary Cree playwright Tomson Highway.
Native American Authors: Cree Tribe:
    Fifteen Cree authors, their biographies and writing.
Swampy Cree Naming Poems:
    Three examples of Swampy Cree storyteller Jacob Nibenegenesabe's poetry.
Buffy Sainte-Marie * Buffy Sainte-Marie * Magic follows Sainte-Marie:
    Up Where We Belong * Illuminations * Moonshot * She Used To Wanna Be A Ballerina:
    Cree singer/songwriter/activist Buffy Sainte-Marie.
Michael Greyeyes Official Website * Michael Greyeyes Fansite:
    Cree actor/choreographer Michael Greyeyes.
Jaune Quick-to-See Smith * Darlene Little Cougar Guenther, Cree Artist * Clifford Pettman, Cree Artist:
    Don McLeay * Doug Kakekagumick:
    Cree artists and their work.
Whapmagoostui Art Factory:
    Featuring the artwork of Cree Indian students.
Dance Hard * Showtime * Here to Stay * Honor Eagle Feather * Come & Dance * Songs of Caddo:
    Cree music from the pow-wow band Northern Cree Singers.
Tootosis Family Drummers * Gilbert and Gitchee Cheechoo:
    Recordings from Cree musicians.
American Indian Art:
    Information, photographs and links about Cree and other native art.

Cree Politics, Issues and News

Cree Nation:
    The Cree Nation Magazine, published by the James Bay Cree.
Cree Statements to the United Nations:
    Cree presentations on indigenous and human rights.
The James Bay Crees and Quebec Secession:
    Speech by Grand Chief Matthew Coon Come.

Cree History Links

Chapleau Cree History * Ouje-Bougoumou Crees * Lubicon Cree History:
    Histories of individual Cree First Nations.
The James Bay Cree and Hydro-Quebec:
    20th-century clashes between the James Bay Cree and white Canadians over hunting grounds.
Lubicon Archive:
    Mailings and historical texts from the Lubicon Cree.
History of Cree Education:
    Evolution of education within the Cree Nation.
Poundmaker, Big Bear, and the 1885 Rebellion * The Northwest Resistance * Northwest Rebellion:
    The Northwest Rebellion of 1885.
Big Bear, Cree Chief * Big Bear Monument:
    Plains Cree Indian chief Mistahimaskwa (Big Bear).
Frederick Saskamoose Biography:
    Hockey pioneer and residential school survivor Fred Sasakamoose.
Aboriginal Healing Foundation * Indian Residential Schools * Institutional Child Abuse in Canada:
    Aboriginal Peoples and Residential Schools * Out of the Depths:
    History of the Indian boarding schools of Canada, and abuses Cree and other Indian children suffered there.

Cree and Metis Genealogy

Keewetin:
    Mailing list for research into Cree fur trade family histories in Canada.
Ancestor Search:
    Online lookup of Cree and other Indian records through the Archives genealogy service.
Cree Genealogy Board:
    Messageboard for Cree Indian descendants.
Are You Metis? * Red River Métis Genealogical Collection:
    Metis genealogical resources, with census indexes, marriage records, and sources for research.
North American Metis:
    Genealogical mailing lists and bulletin boards for Metis ancestry.
Cree Families:
    Intended to provide information for Cree natives searching for their families. Not too much here yet.
John Leclair's Really Big Family:
    Family history of a Metis man, his Algonquin, French, and Cree ancestors.
Titameg's Children:
    Descendants of a Metis woman.
Native American Genealogy:
    Direction for those seeking Cree and other American Indian ancestors.

Books for sale on the Cree

Alberta Elders' Cree Dictionary * Cree Words * Cree-English Lexicon:
    Cree dictionaries.
Spoken Cree: Level One * Spoken Cree: Level Two * Cree Language Books * Cree Books:
    Cree language learning books and tapes.
Cree Language Structures: A Cree Approach * Cree, Language of the Plains:
    Origins of Predicates: Evidence from Plains Cree * Cree Narrative:
    Cree linguistics books.
The Surrounded * Wind From an Enemy Sky * Runner in the Sun * The Hawk Is Hungry:
    Books on Indian life by prominent Cree author D'Arcy McNickle.
The Rez Sisters * Dry Lips Oughta Move to Kapuskasing * Kiss of the Fur Queen:
    Contemporary plays and a novel by Cree author Tomson Highway.
Ancestral Portraits * This Land Is My Land:
    Coffee-table art collections by Cree artists Frederick McDonald and George Littlechild.
Eci Mikoian:
    Compelling photo-essay about Algonquin, Atikamekw, and Cree life.
I Dream of Yesterday and Tomorrow:
    Legends and history of the James Bay Cree.
Defending the Land:
    Sovereignty and forest life in James Bay Cree society.
The Temptations of Big Bear:
    Biography of Cree chief Big Bear.
Born Cree * Halfbreed * Stolen Life: Journey of a Cree Woman * Their Example Showed Me the Way:
    Autobiographies of four Cree/Metis writers.
A Man Called Raven * What's the Most Beautiful Thing You Know About Horses?
    Two beautiful children's books by a Dogrib author and a Plains Cree illustrator.
Mwakwa Talks to the Loon:
    Picture book illustrating a Cree legend about Loon teaching the people to hunt and fish responsibly.
The Little Duck Sikihpsis:
    Picture book illustrating a Cree folktale about a duck learning to accept himself.
The Plains Cree * The Montana Cree * Grateful Prey: Cree Human-Animal Relationships * Plains Indians:
    Ethnographies/anthropological studies of the Crees.
Being Alive Well:
    Health and the politics of Cree well-being.
Orders of the Dreamed:
    Cree and Ojibwa religion and myth.
Sacred Stories of the Sweet Grass Cree * Trickster and the Fainting Birds * Story of Chakapas:
    Collections of Cree traditional stories and legends.
To Please The Caribou:
    Art book display of painted caribou-skin coats of the Cree, Innu, and Atikameks of Quebec and Labrador.
Handbook of North American Indians: Plains Indians:
    Extensive ethnography of the Plains Cree and their neighbors.
American Indian Books:
    Evolving list of books about Native Americans in general.

Links, References, and Additional Information

   Cree * Native Groups: Crees * Cree Indians:
   Encyclopedia entries about the Cree Indians.
   Cris * Les Cris:
   Information about the Crees in French and Spanish.
   Los Cree:
   Information about the Crees in Spanish.
   Cree Indians * Crees:
   Cree links.



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