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Vocabulary in Native American Languages: Croatan/Lumbee Words

Welcome to our Lumbee vocabulary page! Lumbee, also known as Croatan or Croatoan, is an Algonquian language, related to other languages like Powhatan and Wampanoag. We have included twenty basic Lumbee words here, to compare with related American Indian languages. You can find more Lumbee words in our online picture glossaries. If you'd like to know a word that is not in these wordlists, you can take part in our Indian translations fundraiser or visit our main Lumbee language site for more free resources.

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Lumbee Croatan Word Set

The ancestors of the present-day Lumbee people spoke several different languages, including Croatan (Carolina Algonquian), Cheraw (Carolina Siouan), Tuscarora, Catawba, and other Siouan and Iroquoian languages little is known about today. None of these languages are still spoken within the Lumbee tribe today. This wordlist comes from the Croatan/Algonquian language. Cheraw, unfortunately, is too unattested even to put together a wordlist.

English (Français) Lumbee Croatan words
One (Un) Weembot
Two (Deux) Neshinnauh
Three (Trois) Nishwonner
Four (Quatre) Yauonner
Five (Cinq) Umperren
Woman (Femme) Crenepo
Water (Eau) Umpe
Corn (Maïs) Pagatowr
White (Blanc) Wopposhaumosh
Red (Rouge) Mishcosk
Black (Noir) Mowcottowosh

Click here to see these vocabulary words in related Algonquian languages: Algonquian Indian Words

Lumbee Picture Dictionaries

Here are some themed Lumbee word lists we have put together and illustrated for language learners. Feel free to print them out for classroom purposes!

*Lumbee number words

Additional Resources

   North Carolina Indian languages
   Carolina Algonquian
   Culture of the Southeast
   Lumbee legends

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