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Native American Legends: Earthmaker (Man'una)

Name: Earthmaker
Alternate spellings: Earth Maker, Earth-Maker
Tribal affiliation: Ho-Chunk
Native names: Man'una, Mą'una, Manun, Ma-o-na, Maura, Maroonar, Mau, Mą'unąka, Mą'ųra, Ma'una, Ma-una, Mâ'ûna
Pronunciation: mawn-oo-nah
Also known as: Maker of Things, Life-Giver, Wajaguzera, Wajanguzera, Wazagusra, Wazaguzra, Wazhakuzra, Wažągųsra, Uwashira, Ųwašira, Unwacida, Wakanchank, Wakąčąk xu, Wakon-chunk-xoo, Waxopini Xedera, Waxop'ini Xetera, Wahhahnah
Type: High god, Creator
Related figures in other tribes: Wakan Tanka (Sioux), First Creator (Hidatsa), Gitchee Manitou (Ojibway)

Earthmaker is the Creator God of the Hochunk (Winnebago) tribe. His primary name Man'una and its variants literally mean "Earth-maker," but he is sometimes also known by other titles such as Wajaguzera (Creator or Maker of Things), Wakanchank (Great Spirit,) Uwashira (Master), and so on. Earthmaker is considered to be a divine spirit but unlike the Great Spirit deities of the other Siouan tribes, is sometimes personified in Hochunk myths, interacting directly with humankind. Earthmaker is associated with tobacco, which is considered his particular gift to humanity.

Earthmaker Stories

*Winnebago Creation Myth * Ho-Chunk Origin Story:
    Hochunk myths about Earthmaker creating the world and the first humans.

Recommended Books of Related Native American Legends

Folklore of the Winnebago Tribe:
    Good collection of Ho-Chunk legends and folktales.

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Additional Resources

 Mountain Wolf Woman
 Ho-Chunk mythology
 Hochunk language
 Wisconsin Indian tribes
 Woodland Native Americans
 Siouan languages



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