American Indian languages
American Indian cultures
American Indian heritage
Native American Legends: Earthmaker (Man'una)
Alternate spellings: Earth Maker, Earth-Maker
Tribal affiliation: Ho-Chunk
Native names: Man'una, Mą'una, Manun, Ma-o-na, Maura, Maroonar, Mau, Mą'unąka, Mą'ųra, Ma'una, Ma-una, Mâ'ûna
Also known as: Maker of Things, Life-Giver, Wajaguzera, Wajanguzera, Wazagusra, Wazaguzra, Wazhakuzra, Wažągųsra, Uwashira, Ųwašira, Unwacida, Wakanchank, Wakąčąk xu, Wakon-chunk-xoo, Waxopini Xedera, Waxop'ini Xetera, Wahhahnah
Type: High god,
Related figures in other tribes:
Wakan Tanka (Sioux),
First Creator (Hidatsa),
Gitchee Manitou (Ojibway)
Earthmaker is the Creator God of the Hochunk (Winnebago) tribe. His primary name Man'una and its variants literally mean
"Earth-maker," but he is sometimes also known by other titles such as Wajaguzera (Creator or Maker of Things),
Wakanchank (Great Spirit,) Uwashira (Master), and so on.
Earthmaker is considered to be a divine spirit but unlike the Great Spirit deities of the other Siouan tribes, is sometimes personified
in Hochunk myths, interacting directly with humankind.
Earthmaker is associated with tobacco, which is considered his particular gift to humanity.
Winnebago Creation Myth Ho-Chunk Origin Story:
Hochunk myths about Earthmaker creating the world and the first humans.
Recommended Books of Related Native American Legends
Folklore of the Winnebago Tribe:
Good collection of Ho-Chunk legends and folktales.
Mountain Wolf Woman
Wisconsin Indian tribes
Woodland Native Americans
Native Languages of the Americas website © 1998-2015 Contacts and FAQ page
Back to the names of Indian gods
Back to American Indian legend
Back to American Indian names
Cherokee Indian medicine
Pictures of Comanche Indians
Would you like to help support our organization's work with endangered American Indian languages?