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Legendary Native American Figures: Moskim (Moshking)

Name: Moskim
Tribal affiliation: Lenape, Munsee, Mohican
Alternate spellings: Mooshkiingw, Mooskim, Moshkim, Moshking, Mo'skem
Pronunciation: Varies by dialect: usually moh-skeem, moh-shkeeng, or moo-shkeeng
Also known as: Tschimammus (pronounced chuh-mah-muss), Hare
Type: Hero, rabbit
Related figures in other tribes: Glooskap (Wabanaki), Nanabozho (Anishinabe), Wesakaychak (Cree)

Moskim (also known as Tchimammus) is Rabbit, the benevolent culture hero of the Lenape tribes (sometimes referred to as a "transformer" by folklorists.) Not many stories about Moskim are still told today, but he seems to have shared some similarities with other Algonquian heroes such as Nanabozho and Glooskap. In some legends Moskim is even referred to by the Ojibwe name "Nanapush," although this may have been a case of the white folklorist confusing different tribal traditions rather than an actual cultural borrowing. Like other culture heroes of the Northeast Woodlands, Moskim was sometimes said to have had a deadly younger brother named Flint who killed their mother in childbirth and remained adversarial to Moskim thereafter.

Recommended Books of Related Native American Legends

Legends of the Delawares:
    Collection of Delaware Indian folktales including four in Lenape (with English translation.)
Mythology of the Lenape:
    An overview of the Lenape worldview and belief system including several legends and traditional stories.
Spirit of the New England Tribes:
    Collection of Mohican and other Algonquian legends and traditional stories.
Algonquian Spirit:
    Excellent anthology of stories, songs, and oral history from the Delaware and other Algonquian tribes.

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Additional Resources

 The Delaware Tribe: A History
 Lenape myth
 Delaware words
 New Jersey Indian tribes
 Eastern Woodland Indian languages
 Algonkian Indians



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