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Vocabulary in Native American Languages: Powhatan Words

Welcome to our Powhatan vocabulary page! Powhatan is an Algonquian language, related to other languages like Lenape and Cree. We have included twenty basic Powhatan words here, enough to provide a simple comparison with related American Indian languages. All the nouns are singular and all the verbs are 3rd person singular ("he or she sings") because many indigenous languages don't have a separate infinitive ("to sing") the way English and French do.

You can find a broader selection of Powhatan Indian words in our online picture glossaries. If you would like to know a word that is not included in any of these wordlists, you can take part in our Indian translations fundraiser, buy a Powhatan dictionary, or visit our main Powhatan language site for more free resources.

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Powhatan Word Set

The Powhatan language has not been spoken natively for centuries, so these vocabulary words come from 17th- and 18th-century sources and their pronunciation is uncertain.

English (FranÁais) Powhatan words
One (Un) Nekut
Two (Deux) Ninge
Three (Trois) Nus
Four (Quatre) Yough
Five (Cinq) Paranske
Man (Homme) Nimatew
Woman (Femme) Crenepo
Dog (Chien) Attemous
Sun (Soleil) Keshowse
Moon (Lune) Umpsquoth
Water (Eau) Suckquahan
House (Maison) Yohacan
Canoe (CanoŽ) Aquointan
White (Blanc) Opaivwh
Yellow (Jaune) Oussawack
Red (Rouge) Musqua
Black (Noir) Mahcatawaiuwh
Eat (Manger) Mecher
See (Voir) Vunamun
Hear (Entendre) Nowwuntamen

Click here to see these vocabulary words in related Algonquian languages: Algonquian Indian Words

Powhatan Picture Dictionaries

Here are some themed Powhatan word lists we have put together and illustrated for language learners. Feel free to print them out for classroom purposes!

*Powhatan animal words

Additional Resources

   Virginia Indian languages
   Native American Indian dictionaries
   American Indian names
   American Indian number system
   Algonquian Indians



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