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Legendary Native American Figures: Squannit (Squant)

Name: Squannit
Tribal affiliation: Wampanoag, Mohegan, Pequot
Alternate spellings: Squant, Squaunt, Squanet, Granny Squannit, Granny Squant, Tooquahmi Squannit, Squauanit, Squaunit, Saconet, Old Squant
Pronunciation: skwah-nut
Type: Little person, wise woman, grandmother, witch
Related figures in other tribes: Mikumwesu (Maliseet), Nokomis (Anishinabe)

In some Algonquian legends of Massachusetts and Connecticut, Squannit is the wife of the culture hero Moshup. Though Moshup is usually portrayed as a giant, Squannit is considered one of the Little People (makiawisug.) Stories about Squannit vary widely from community to community, but she usually has magical powers and is often associated with the sea and with storms-- according to some legends, severe storms are caused by Squannit's arguments with her husband. Squannit is typically described as a tiny woman no more than two or three feet tall, with long hair and small feet; her footprints are often confused for a rabbit's. She is usually portrayed as an old woman, and is affectionately called Granny Squannit or Old Squant by many storytellers.

Granny Squannit Stories

*Squant, the Sea Monster:
    Wampanoag myth about Moshup's wife Squant.
*Makiawisug, the Little People:
    Stories about a Mohegan woman who was rewarded for helping Granny Squannit.

Recommended Books of Related Native American Legends

Spirit of the New England Tribes:
    Collection of Wampanoag, Narragansett, and Mohegan legends and traditional stories, including several about Maushop and Squant.
Algonquian Spirit:
    Excellent anthology of stories, songs, and oral history from the Algonquian tribes.

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Additional Resources

 First of the Mohegans
 Mohegan stories
 Mohegan language
 Wampanoag words
 Connecticut languages
 Eastern Woodland tribes
 Algonquian languages
 American Indian animal spirits



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