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Vocabulary in Native American Languages: Wabanaki Indian Words

There are three languages spoken by the Wabanaki tribes: Abenaki-Penobscot (spoken by the Penobscot and Abenaki tribes,) Maliseet-Passamaquoddy (spoken by the Maliseet and Passamaquoddy tribes,) and Mi'kmaq (spoken by the Mi'kmaq tribe.) These are related Algonquian languages, but they are different enough that speakers cannot easily understand each other. Here is a comparative chart of some basic vocabulary words in the three languages.

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Wabanaki Word Sets

English (Franais) Abenaki-Penobscot Maliseet-Passamaquoddy Mi'kmaq
One (Un) Bazegw Pesq or Neqt Newt
Two (Deux) Niz Nis Tpu
Three (Trois) Nas Nihi Sst
Four (Quatre) Yaw New Nw
Five (Cinq) Nlan Nan Nn
Man (Homme) Zanba or Gizba Skitap Jnm
Woman (Femme) Behanem Ehpit pit
Dog (Chien) Alemos or Adia Olomuss Lmj
Sun (Soleil) Gizos Kisuhs Nkset
Moon (Lune) Gizos Nipawset Tepkunset
Water (Eau) Nebi Samaqan Samqwan
White (Blanc) Wbi Wapi Wapk
Yellow (Jaune) Wizw Wisawi Wisawk
Red (Rouge) Mekwi Mqeyu or Pqeyu Mekwk
Black (Noir) Mkazawi Mokosewi Maqtewk
Eat (Manger) Micimek Mitsu Mijjit or Etlatalk
See (Voir) Namito Nomihtu Nemk
Hear (Entendre) Nodam Nutomon Nutaq
Sing (Chanter) Linto Lintu Etlintoq
Leave (Partir) Ngadzig Nokotomon or Macehe Majsit or Naqalk

Click here to see Wabanaki vocabulary words compared to words in related Algonquian languages: Algonquian Indian Words

Wabanaki Picture Dictionaries

Here are some themed Wabanaki word lists we have put together and illustrated for language learners. Feel free to print them out for classroom purposes!

*Abenaki-Penobscot animal words
*Maliseet-Passamaquoddy animal words
*Micmac animal words

Additional Resources

   Maine native languages
   American Indian dictionaries
   Native American Indian names
   Native American number words
   Algonquian Indian languages
   Gluskap legends

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