Achagua Language (Achawa, Xagua)
Language: Achagua is an Arawak
language of South America, spoken by about 300 people in eastern Colombia. It is closely related to the better-known
Achagua is a polysynthetic language with complex
verbs and predominantly SVO word order.
Thanks for your interest in indigenous American languages!
Achagua is a native name used by the people. The Achaguas say it comes from
their word for "advisor" or "wise person."
Other spellings of this name include Achawa, Ajagua, Xagua, Axagua, Achugua, and Ajaga.
Barria, Abani, and Quirruba were the names of historical Amerindian bands of Colombia
which are sometimes considered to have been subtribes of the Achagua or speakers of the same language.
None of those three bands exist as distinct entities anymore, having either merged with other Achagua speakers or been
absorbed into the neighboring Guahibo tribe.
Our list of vocabulary words in the Achagua language, with comparison to words in other Arawakan languages.
How to pronounce Achagua words.
Achagua Animal Words:
Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Achagua language.
Worksheet showing color words in the Achagua language.
Achagua Body Parts:
Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Achagua language.
Worksheet showing how to count in the Achagua language.
Worksheet with pictures of food words in the Achagua language.
Achagua Language Resources
Achagua Linguistic Description Achagua Orthography Achagua Phonology Achagua Grammar:
Achagua Map Achagua Bibliography:
Scanned-in Achagua language materials from the Rosetta Project.
Linguistic chart of phonemes in the Achagua language.
Achagua language information. Page in Spanish.
House of Languages: Achagua
Information about Achagua language usage.
Demographic information on the Achagua language.
Encyclopedia entry on the Achagua language.
Achugua Language Tree:
Theories about Achagua's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Achagua Language Structures:
Achagua linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
The Bible in Achagua:
Translation of the New Testament into the Achagua language.
Books for sale on the Achaguas
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Achagua dictionary for sale online (book in Spanish.)
Achagua grammar for sale online (book in Spanish.)
Native American Books:
Evolving list of books about Native Americans in general.
Achagua Indian Legends:
Collection of myths and legends of the Achagua Indians.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Endangered Languages Project: Achagua:
Bibliography of Achagua language resources.
Britannica: Achagua Indians:
Encyclopedia article about the Achagua tribe of Colombia.
Los Achagua Los indios achagua Pueblo Achagua El pueblo Achagua teme por su futuro:
Indigenas: Achagua de Colombia Los Achaguas, la gente del río:
Information about the Achagua tribe in Spanish.
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