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Apurina Indian Language (Apurinã, Apuriná)

Apurina is an Arawakan language of South America, spoken by about 1000 people in Brazil. Apurina is a polysynthetic language with complex verbs, notable for using the rare OSV word order. The Apurina are also sometimes known as Popengare, Kangutu, or Kaxiriri; spelling variants of these names include Apurinã, Apuriná, Apurimã, Ipurina, Ipuriná, Ipurinan, Hypurina, Ipureiná, Apurinña, Popingaré, Popunkare, Popũkare, Ponpukare, Kangite, Kangiti, Kankiti, Kankete, and Cacharary.

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Our Online Apurina Materials

Apurina Words:
    Our list of vocabulary words in the Apurina language, with comparison to words in other Arawakan languages.
Apurina Animal Words:
    Picture glossary of animal words in the Apurina language.
Apurina Colors:
    Worksheet showing color words in the Apurina language.

Apurina Language Resources

The Apurinã Language and People:
    A linguistics thesis on the Apurina language available online.
La Lengua Apuriná:
    Information on Apurina including a linguistic map of Brazil. Page in Spanish.
Wikipedia: Apurinã:
    Encyclopedia article on the Apurina language including a phonological inventory.
House of Languages: Apuriná
     Information about Apuriná language usage.
Ethnologue: Apurina:
    Demographic information on the Apurina language.
Apuriná Language Tree:
    Theories about Apurina's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Apurinã Language Structures:
    Apurinã linguistic profile and academic bibliography.

Books For Sale on the Apurinas

A grammar and a vocabulary of the Ipuriná language
     Ipurina language book for sale online.
Languages of the Amazon
     In-depth book about Apurina and dozens of other Amazonian Indian languages.
Comparative Arawakan Histories
     Interesting book about the history and culture of the Apurina and other Arawak speaking tribes.
Native American Indian Books:
    Evolving list of books about Native Americans in general.

Apurina Culture and History

The Apurina People:
    Cultural information about the Apurinas today, with photographs.
The Apurinã of Brazil:
    Information about the Apurinas from a Brazilian indigenous organization.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

Wikipedia: Apurinã people:
Encyclopedia articles about the Apurinas.
Os Apurinã: * Popũkare/Apurinã:
Information about the Apurina Indians in Portuguese.
Apurina Tribe:
Apurina Indian books.



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