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Apurina Indian Language (Apurinã)

Apurina is an Arawakan language of South America, spoken by about 1000 people in Western Brazil. Apurina is a polysynthetic language with complex verbs, notable for using the rare OSV word order. The Apurina are also sometimes known as Popengare, Kangutu, or Kaxiriri; spelling variants of these names include Apurinã, Apuriná, Apurimã, Ipurina, Ipuriná, Ipurinan, Hypurina, Ipureiná, Apurinña, Popingaré, Popunkare, Popũkare, Ponpukare, Kangite, Kangiti, Kankiti, Kankete, and Cacharary.

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Our Online Apurina Materials

Apurina Words:
    Our list of vocabulary words in the Apurina language, with comparison to words in other Arawakan languages.
Apurina Animal Words:
    Picture glossary of animal words in the Apurina language.
Apurina Colors:
    Worksheet showing color words in the Apurina language.

Apurina Language Resources

The Apurinã Language and People:
    A linguistics thesis on the Apurina language available online.
Apurina Phonology:
    Linguistic chart of phonemes in the Apurina language.
Apurina (Popikariwakori):
    Profile of the Apurina language including a phonological inventory, orthography and a text.
La Lengua Apuriná:
    Information on Apurina including a linguistic map of Brazil. Page in Spanish.
Wikipedia: Apurinã:
    Encyclopedia article on the Apurina language including a phonological inventory.
House of Languages: Apuriná
     Information about Apuriná language usage.
Ethnologue: Apurina:
    Demographic information on the Apurina language.
Apuriná Language Tree:
    Theories about Apurina's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Apurinã Language Structures:
    Apurinã linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
A Comparative Reconstruction of Proto-Purus:
    Historical linguistics article on the relationships between the Piro-Apurinã branch of the Arawakan language family.
The Bible in Apurina: * Apurina Prayers:
    Translations of the New Testament into the Apurina language.
Apurina Papers:
    Archive of linguistics papers on Apurina, in English and Spanish.

Books for sale on the Apurinas
Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links

A grammar and a vocabulary of the Ipuriná language
     Ipurina language book for sale online.
Languages of the Amazon
     In-depth book about Apurina and dozens of other Amazonian Indian languages.
Comparative Arawakan Histories
     Interesting book about the history and culture of the Apurina and other Arawak speaking tribes.
Native American Indian Books:
    Evolving list of books about Native Americans in general.

Apurina Culture and History

The Apurina People:
    Cultural information about the Apurinas today, with photographs.
The Apurinã of Brazil:
    Information about the Apurinas from a Brazilian indigenous organization.
Amazon Protectors * Indigenous People and the Amazon Fires * Forest People Fight Against Climate Catastrophe:
    Articles about the Apurina struggle for self-determination and preservation of the rainforest.
Tamoio Movement of Original Peoples:
    News article about an organization defending the rights of Apurina, Pataxó, and other indigenous people of Brazil.
Awiri: Encounters with the Unseen * Guide to Shamanic Snuff: * Rapé Sacred Snuff:
    Information about the traditional Apurina herbal medicine awiry (commonly known as rapé or hape.)

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Links, References, and Additional Information

  Endangered Languages Project: Apurina:
  Bibliography of Apurina language resources.
Wikipedia: Apurinã people:
Encyclopedia articles about the Apurinas.
Os Apurinã: * Tribo Popũkare/Apurinã:
Information about the Apurina Indians in Portuguese.
Apurina Tribe:
Apurina Indian books.

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