Language: Aruan is an extinct Arawakan language of South America, once spoken on
Marajo Island in Brazil. It is not related to the Arauan languages of Amazonas, but may have been most similar to
Aruan is a polysynthetic language with
predominantly SVO word order.
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Names: The Aruan language has been known by many different spellings, including AruŠn, Arķan, Aru„, Aro„,
Arua, Aroa, Arauan, Araua, Arawa, and Arua. The last three spellings are confusingly similar to the names of entirely unrelated
South American languages-- the Tupian language AruŠ, and the Arawan language
Arawa. For this reason the letter "n" is usually
used in spelling the name of this language to distinguish it, even though it was not used by the Portuguese speakers who originally
encountered the Aruan tribe.