Welcome to our Kansas State Facts section, part of an educational project
designed to provide information about indigenous people in different U.S. states.
Follow the links to the right of our tribal map for more information about the language, culture and history
of each Kansas tribe, or scroll below the map for Kansas Indian activities including a wordsearch,
fact sheets, and words from the Native American languages
of Kansas. Feel free to print any of these materials out for classroom use!
American Indians in Kansas
Did you know the name "Kansas" is a Siouan Indian word? It comes from the
tribal name Kansa, which means "south wind people."
The Kansa Indians were not the only native people of this region, however.
The original inhabitants of the area that is now Kansas included:
The Cheyenne Indians, close allies of the Arapahos,
also occasionally ranged into what is now northwestern Kansas, and the
Wichita Indians expanded into the southern part of the state.
Indian tribes relocated into Kansas by the US government:
Kansas, like Oklahoma, was originally allotted as Indian territory. This was part of the American policy of Indian Removal. Some eastern and
midwestern tribes signed treaties agreeing to move onto reservations in Oklahoma and Kansas in exchange for undisputed ownership of the
new lands. Other tribes refused or resisted and were forcibly moved into Kansas by the US Army.