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Vocabulary in Native American Languages: Keres Words

Welcome to our Keres vocabulary page! Keres is a Pueblo language, spoken by New Mexico Native groups such as the Cochiti, Acoma, and Zia. We have included twenty basic Keres words here, enough to provide a basic comparison with other American Indian languages. All the nouns are singular and all the verbs are 3rd person singular ("he or she sings") because many indigenous languages don't have a separate infinitive ("to sing") the way English and French do.

If you need to know a Keres word that is not currently on our page, you can visit our main Keres language site for more free resources.

Thanks for your interest in Native American languages!

Keresan Word Sets

Not all Pueblo people agree on whether Keres should be a written language or not. See this page for an interesting discussion of this topic by a Keres speaker. On our page, we have only included vocabulary words from Keres-speaking pueblos who are teaching their language as a written language in tribal schools today.

English (Franįais) Cochiti words Laguna words
One (Un) ishk iska
Two (Deux) kyuh'mi tyo
Three (Trois) chahm chemi
Four (Quatre) kya'nah tyanna
Five (Cinq) t'ahm tamma
Man (Homme) hachtzeh hadztse
Woman (Femme) k'uyaw koya
Dog (Chien) tiya tiya
Sun (Soleil) oshach osadza
Moon (Lune) tahwach tawadza
Water (Eau) tz'itz tsits
White (Blanc) k'ahshah or sch'amotz schamuts
Yellow (Jaune) kuchin kochiņi
Red (Rouge) kukain kukaņi
Black (Noir) muh'nah'kain mishchts

Additional Resources

   New Mexico Indian languages
   Indian books
   Indian animal names



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