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Native American Legends: Grandmother Woodchuck

Name: Grandmother Woodchuck
Tribal affiliation: Abenaki, Penobscot, Maliseet, Passamaquoddy
Names in Native Languages: Nokemes Agaskw (in Abenaki-Penobscot), Nuhkomoss Munimqehs (in Maliseet-Passamaquoddy)
Pronunciation: noh-kuh-muss ah-gah-skw or noo-kuh-muss moo-nim-kwass
Type: Wise woman, woodchuck, grandmother goddess
Related figures in other tribes: Nogami (Mi'kmaq), Nokomis (Anishinabe), Squaunt (Wampanoag)

Grandmother Woodchuck is the wise old grandmother of the Wabanaki culture hero Glooskap. In some legends she is said to have raised the hero after his mother's death in childbirth, but in most traditions, she was created separately by the Creator and adopted Glooskap as her grandson to give him guidance.

Grandmother Woodchuck Stories

*Grandmother Woodchuck:
    Article about the role of Agaskw the Woodchuck Grandmother in Wabanaki mythology.
Gluscabi and the Wind Eagle * How Glooskap Stole Tobacco:
    Stories about the Wabanaki culture hero Glooskap and his wise grandmother Woodchuck.

Recommended Books About Glooskap And His Grandmother
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On the Trail of Elder Brother:
    Good book of stories about Glooskap and his grandmother told by a Mi'kmaq author and illustrator.
Gluskabe and the Four Wishes:
    Children's picture book illustrating a traditional Gluskabe legend.
Gluskabe Stories:
    Audio tape of Gluskap legends told by Abenaki storyteller Joseph Bruchac.
Algonquian Spirit:
    Excellent anthology of stories, songs, and oral history from the Maliseet and other Algonquian tribes.

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Additional Resources

 Wabanaki mythology
 Abenaki Indians
 Penobscot nation
 Maliseet Passamaquoddy
 Maine Algonquin
 Eastern Woodland Natives
 Proto-Algonquian
 American Indian animal spirits



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