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Native American Tribes of Maryland

Welcome to our Maryland State Facts section, part of an educational project designed to provide information about indigenous people in different U.S. states. Follow the links to the right of our tribal map for more information about the language, culture and history of each Maryland tribe, or scroll below the map for Maryland Indian activities including a wordsearch, fact sheets, and words from the Native American languages of Maryland. Feel free to print any of these materials out for classroom use!

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American Indians in Maryland

The original inhabitants of the area that is now Maryland included:

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*The Lenape tribe
*The Nanticoke tribe (including Piscataway and Conoy)
*The Powhatan tribe (including the Accohannock)
*The Ohio Valley Tribes (including the Shawnees)
*The Susquehannock tribe
*The Tutelo and Saponi tribes

There are no federally recognized Indian tribes in Maryland today.

Most Native Americans were forced to leave Maryland during the 1700's, when eastern tribes were being displaced by colonial expansion. These tribes are not extinct, but except for the descendants of Maryland Native Americans who hid or assimilated into white society, they do not live in Maryland anymore. Some tribes that once were native to Maryland ended up on Indian reservations in Oklahoma. Other Maryland Indians became refugees and joined larger tribes, where their descendants still live today. If you click on the link for each tribe above, you can find more information about them.

Non-recognized Indian tribes and communities in Maryland include:

*Piscataway-Conoy Confederacy:
P.O. Box 1484
La Plata, Maryland 20646

Teaching and learning activities about Maryland Native Americans:

Feel free to print these out to use at school!

*Maryland Native American Word Search: Printable puzzle hiding the names of Maryland's Indian tribes.
*Maryland Language Greetings: Learn to say "hello" in several Native Maryland languages.
*Maryland Native Animals: Learn the Native American names of Maryland animals.
*Maryland Indian Facts for Kids: Answers to frequently asked questions about Native Americans in Maryland.
    We currently have pages for the Nanticoke, Powhatan, Lenape and Shawnee tribes.

Recommended books about Maryland Native Americans
(Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links)

*Eastern Shore Indians of Virginia and Maryland:
   Good book on the history and traditional lifeways of the Indians of the Midatlantic coast.
*Indians of Southern Maryland:
   Interesting book about the Piscataway and other Algonquian-speaking tribes of the Chesapeake Bay.
*Meet Naiche: A Native Boy From the Chesapeake Bay Area:
   Excellent picture book following the life of a contemporary Maryland Indian boy.
*Maryland Indians:
   Simple booklet introducing Maryland's Native American history and culture to kids.
*Indians of the Tidewater Country:
   The story of the native people of Maryland, Virginia and Delaware.
*First People of Maryland:
   Historical overview of the tribes of Maryland.
*Indians of Early Maryland:
   Old historical text with information on Maryland's Native American tribes.

Related links about American Indian history, culture and society in Maryland state:

*Maryland Commission on Indian Affairs: Dedicated to Native American history, culture, and interests within Maryland.

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Back to the index of Native American tribes
Back to our index of Indian tribes by state
Back to our Native Americans website for kids

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