Language: Alabama is a Muskogean language of the American Southeast. Due to
forced relocation in the 1800's, most Alabama Indians live in Texas today, sharing the Alabama-Coushatta reservation with their
traditional allies the Coushattas.
Only 200 people there, mostly elders, still speak the Alabama language fluently, but some young Alabamas are working to
keep their ancestral language alive. Like other Muskogean languages,
Alabama is an agglutinative language
with morphologically complex verbs and SOV word order.
Thanks for your interest in indigenous American languages!
Names: Alternate spellings of the name Alabama include Albaamaha, Alibamu, Albama, Alabamer, Alabamu, Alaba, Limanu,
Albaamo, Aibamo, Aybamo, Halbama, Holbama, Alebamah, and Alebamon. The Alabama language in particular is sometimes referred to as
Albaamo innaałiilka, which literally means "Alabama language." In older literature the Alabamas were sometimes referred to as
Mamoanyadi, Mamohanya, or Mamohandi, which are names that come from the language of the neighboring Biloxi tribe; or by the names
of specific Alabama Indian bands or villages, such as
Tawasa (Touacha or Towassee),
Other historical bands and villages that might have spoken Alabama or had cultural connections with the Alabamas include