Indian languages * American Indian cultures * American Indian names

Native American Legends: Apistotoke

Name: Apistotoke
Tribal affiliation: Blackfoot
Alternate spellings: Apistotoki , Apistotooki, A'pistotooki, Apistotokio, Apisstotoki, A'pistitooki
Also known as: Ihtsipatapiyohpa , Iihtsipaitapiiyo'pa, Great Spirit
Pronunciation: A'pistotooki is pronounced ah-piss-toh-toh-kee; Iihtsipaitapiiyo'pa varies by dialect but is usually pronounced ee-tsih-pie-tah-pee-yoh-puh.
Type: High god, Creator
Related figures in other tribes: Kitchi Manitou (Ojibwe), Tabaldak (Abenaki), Kiehtan (Wampanoag), Gisoolg (Mi'kmaq)

Apistotoke is the great creator god of the Blackfoot tribe. This name literally means "Our Creator" in Blackfoot. Apistotoke is a divine spirit with no human form or attributes and is never personified in Blackfoot folklore-- in fact, although Apistotoke is usually described as male in modern English, this being is entirely gender-neutral in original Blackfoot texts. Apistotoke is also known as by the name Iihtsipaitapiiyo'pa ("Source of Life") or, in English, Great Spirit. Despite featuring in many traditional prayers, Apistotoke plays a very minimal role in folklore-- the Transformer characters Old-Man and Old-Woman do most of the "hands-on" work of creating and teaching humankind. Apistotoke was used as a translation for "God" in Blackfoot translations of the Bible, and today many Blackfoot people consider the Creator and the Christian God to be one and the same.

Sponsored Links

Apistotoke Stories

*The Creation:
    Blackfoot myth about Apistotoke creating the Earth and the Above People.

Recommended Books of Related Native American Legends
Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links

Mythology of the Blackfoot Indians:
    Collection of traditional Blackfoot legends and folktales.
Indian Legends from the Northern Rockies:
    Anthology of folklore from the Blackfoot and other Northern Plains tribes.

Additional Resources

 Blackfoot gods
 Blackfeet tribe
 Blackfeet names
 Montana languages
 Plains Native American cultures
 Algonquian tribes

Back to Native American Gods and Goddesses
Back to Native American Legends for Kids
Learn more about the Blackfoot Indians.

Native American roots * Nantucket home * Female moccasins * Totems poles * American Indian jewelry

Would you like to help support our organization's work with endangered American Indian languages?

Native Languages of the Americas website © 1998-2020 * Contacts and FAQ page