American Indian cultures
American Indian names
Native American Legends: Apistotoke
Tribal affiliation: Blackfoot
Alternate spellings: Apistotoki , Apistotooki, A'pistotooki, Apistotokio, Apisstotoki, A'pistitooki
Also known as: Ihtsipatapiyohpa , Iihtsipaitapiiyo'pa, Great Spirit
Pronunciation: A'pistotooki is pronounced ah-piss-toh-toh-kee; Iihtsipaitapiiyo'pa varies by dialect but is usually pronounced
Type: High god, Creator
Related figures in other tribes: Kitchi Manitou (Ojibwe),
Tabaldak (Abenaki), Kiehtan (Wampanoag),
Apistotoke is the great creator god of the Blackfoot tribe. This name literally means "Our Creator" in Blackfoot.
Apistotoke is a divine spirit with no human form or attributes and is never personified in Blackfoot folklore-- in fact,
although Apistotoke is usually described as male in modern English, this being is entirely gender-neutral in original Blackfoot texts.
Apistotoke is also known as by the name Iihtsipaitapiiyo'pa ("Source of Life") or, in English,
Despite featuring in many traditional prayers, Apistotoke plays a very minimal role in folklore-- the Transformer characters
Old-Man and Old-Woman
do most of the "hands-on" work of creating and teaching humankind. Apistotoke
was used as a translation for "God" in Blackfoot translations of the Bible, and today
many Blackfoot people consider the Creator and the Christian God to be one and the same.
Blackfoot myth about Apistotoke creating the Earth and the Above People.
Recommended Books of Related Native American Legends
Mythology of the Blackfoot Indians:
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Collection of traditional Blackfoot legends and folktales.
Indian Legends from the Northern Rockies:
Anthology of folklore from the Blackfoot and other Northern Plains tribes.
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