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Vocabulary Words in the Penutian Language Family

These Penutian words are not spelled phonetically--each word is spelled according to the orthography of its own language, so if you're not familiar with these languages you will need to follow the links to see how to pronounce them. We are working on a second chart transcribed into IPA symbols. We have included twenty basic Penutian Indian words, enough to give you a feeling for each language. All the nouns are singular and all the verbs are 3rd person singular ("he or she sings") because many Native American languages don't have a separate infinitive ("to sing") the way English and French do.

If you need to know a Penutian word that is not currently on our page, you can take part in our American Indian translations fundraiser or visit our main Penutian languages site for more free resources.

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Penutian Word Sets

Utian Yokutsan Maiduan Plateau Tsimshianic Wintuan Chinookan Other
English (Français) Miwok (Central) Miwok (Coast) Miwok (Southern) Ohlone Choynimni Chukchansi Yawelmani Konkow Maidu Nisenan Klamath Nez Perce Yakama Tsimshian Nomlaki Patwin Wintu Chinook Kathlamet Wishram Molalla
One (Un) Kene Kenne Kenge Hemetca Yet Yet'a Yit Wuku Wiiti Wyttee Ńaas Náqc Náxs K'üül K'etem Eteta K'ete·t Ixt Ixat Ixt Nanga
Two (Deux) Atika Osha Otiko Uthin Punuy Ponoy Ponoi Pene Pēne Peen Laap Lepít Nápt Gu'pl Palet Pampata Pa·l Môkst Môkct Môkčt Lapka
Three (Trois) Talakasu Teleeka Tolokot Kaphan Coopin Soopin Sophin Sa'apu Sāpwi Sapyj Ndan Mitát Mítaat K'wili Panoł Ponohlta Panuł Łun Lonikc Łun Matka
Four (Quatre) Ayissa Huya Ojisa Utit Hatpanay Hathpanay Hotponoi Suye Tsöye Cyyj Woniip Pílep Pínapt Txaalpx Tławi Emusta Ł'awit Lakt Lakt Lakt Pipa
Five (Cinq) Masaka Kennekkuh Mahoka Parwes Yiteinut Yitecinil Yitsinil Masani Māwike Maawyk Ton'ip Páxat Páxat Kwstuns Čansem Etesemta Č'ansem Kwanm Quinum Gwεnεm Piku'u
Man (Homme) Nana   Nanga Taares Kouteun Mai Nono Yepim or Maidum Maidüm Majdykym Hiswaqs Háma Iwínsh Yuuta Win Wita Wi·ta Łkwalipx Lxam Ikala Ya'i
Woman (Femme) Assa   Oha Mukurma Mukoi Muk'ela Kaiina Kulem Küle Kylem Sn'eweets 'Áyat Áyat Hana'a Daki Paakita P'o·qta Ła'akil Aqakilak Agagilak Nangihlai
Sun (Soleil) Hiema Hii Watu Hismen Opodo Xapil Op Pakaum Pokom Okpajim S'aba Hísemtuks Áan Gimgmdziws Tuku Wiliwerus Sas O'ołax Aqałax Agałax Was
Moon (Lune) Kome Puluuluk Kome Tar T'oynopodo Tayenimniop Op Deipampakaum Pōmpokom Pombokom S'aba Hísemtuks Álxayx Gyemgmáatk Čenał Sanar Čipisas Okłumin Akłemin Akułmin Ha'hl
Water (Eau) Kiku Liwa Kiky Sii Idik Ilik' 'Ilik' Momim Momim Mom 'Ambo Kús Chúush Aks Mem Mem Me·m Łtsuq Łtcuqoa Iłčqoa Okuns

Additional Resources

   Wikipedia: Penutian



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