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Legendary Native American Figures: Jamul (Coyote)

Name: Jamul
Tribal affiliation: Achumawi
Alternate spellings: Ja'mul, Dzeemmul
Pronunciation: jah-mul or jay-mul
Also known as: Coyote
Type: Indian creator god, culture hero, trickster, coyote spirit
Related figures in other tribes: Coyote (Northwest)

Jamul is the Coyote deity of the Achumawi tribe. Unlike some Native American cultures, the Achumawi view Coyote in a generally positive light-- Jamul does sometimes play the role of a trickster or womanizer, particularly in contrast to his more serious and wise companion Silver Fox (Kwahn), but he is still a respected culture hero who helped to create the world and teach humans the arts of civilization.

Jamul Stories

*Achomawi Creation Myth:
    The story of the creation of the world by Jamul and Kwahn.
*Coyote and Cloud:
    Achumawi legend of a race between Jamul and a cloud.
*Coyote and Silver-Fox:
    Atsugewi myth about the creation of the world and the relationship between Coyote and Silver Fox.
Silver-Fox and Coyote:
    Achumawi myth about Silver-Fox creating people and Ja'mul trying to imitate him.

Recommended Books of Related Native American Legends

Annikadel: The History of the Universe:
    Collection of Achumawi mythology and oral history.
Surviving Through the Days: Translations of Native California Stories and Songs:
    Anthology of myths and traditional literature from the California Indian tribes.

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Additional Resources

 The Morning The Sun Went Down
 Achomawi legends
 Achomawi language
 Achomawi words
 California Native American tribe
 California culture area
 Hokan language family
 Native American Indian animal spirits



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