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Pit River Stories:
Achumawi and Atsugewi Legends, Myths, and Folktales
This is our index of Achumawi and Atsugewi stories and legends that can be read online.
We have organized our Native American folk tales section
by tribe to make them easier to locate; however, variants on the same
legend are often told by American Indians from different tribes, especially if those tribes are kinfolk or neighbors to
each other. In particular, though these legends come from the Atsugewi and Achumawi tribes, the traditional stories of
related tribes like the Shasta and
Karuk are very similar.
Enjoy the stories! If you would like to contribute an Achumawi legend for this page, please let us know.
Click on each character's name for more detailed information about his or her role in Atsugewi and Achomawi mythology.
Kwahn (Silver Fox) and
Culture heroes of the Achumawi,
Atsugewi, and other Northern California tribes. Together they create the world and teach the people
how to live. Although both are creators, Silver Fox is the more serious and wise of the
two, while Coyote is more of a trickster and prone to make frivolous decisions based on whims,
hunger, or interest in women. Silver Fox is female in some tribal traditions, but in Achumawi and
Atsugewi mythology, both Coyote and Silver Fox are male.
Guardian spirits or "spirit guides," who appear to young men and give them special powers.
(Axe'ki or Tamakoni): Tiny magical spirits who are a source of magical power for the medicine people who
control them (usually called "doctors" by Pit River people.) Pains can be dangerous and may cause disease or madness,
but a skilled doctor can remove them from an afflicted person and use them to increase his or her own healing power.
In Achumawi and Atsugewi folklore pains are usually described as miniature fairy-like spirit beings, but when infecting
or conveying power to humans they sometimes take the shape of a hair, splinter, or other small object.
Mysterious and dangerous water spirits from the mythology of the Pit River and other California Indian
tribes. They inhabit springs and ponds, and they and their eerie cries are omens of bad luck and death. Atsugewi and Achomawi
legends usually describe them as resembling beautiful human infants.
Black Imps (Je su chin):
Small mountain spirits of Mount Shasta. According to Achomawi and Atsugewi legend, Black Imps
punish people who disrespect the mountain with confusion, insanity, or death.
Achomawi and Atsugewi Myths:
Seventeen Pit River Indian myths from Roland Dixon's 1909 collection.
Myths and Legends of California and the Old Southwest:
Online book about Southwest and California Indian mythology.
Achomawi Creation Myth:
The Achomawi legend of how the world began.
Creation and Longevity:
Another Achumawi story about the origin of the world, along with a legend about why humans are mortal.
Spider Woman, an Achomawi Myth:
Pit River story about how the first animals worked together to end winter.
Coyote and Cloud:
Achumawi legend of a race between Coyote and a Cloud.
Fish-Hawk and the Sun's Daughter:
Achumawi myth about Fish-Hawk stealing the daughter of the Sun.
Blue Jay And Lizard And The Grizzly-Bears:
Achumawi tale of how grizzly bears were punished for their stinginess.
Annikadel: The History of the Universe:
Collection of Achumawi mythology and oral history.
Surviving Through the Days: Translations of Native California Stories and Songs:
Anthology of myths and traditional literature from the Achumawi, Atsugewi and other California tribes.
Traditional narratives of Native California
Books of Native American legends
Native American religions
Indian tribes of California
California culture area
American Indian nations
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