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Native American Legends: Kci-Athussos (Atosis)
Tribal affiliation: Maliseet, Passamaquoddy
Alternate spellings: Kitchi-at'Husis, Kici Atthusus, Kichi-Athusoss, K'cheattosis, Ktchi at'husis, Atosis
Pronunciation: kih-chee ott-hoo-suss
Type: Lake monster, serpent
Related figures in other tribes: Gitaskog (Abenaki),
Jipijka'm (Micmac), Misiginebig (Anishinabe), Maneto (Fox)
Kci-Athussos is an underwater horned serpent,
common to the legends of most Algonquian tribes. It is said to lurk in lakes and eat humans.
Its Maliseet-Passamaquoddy name literally means Great Serpent; Athussos or Atosis means "serpent."
Weewilmekq and Kitchi-at'Husis:
Story of a fight between two Wabanaki water monsters.
Of the Woman who Loved a Serpent:
Horror story about a Passamaquoddy woman who became the lover of At-o-sis and killed men on his behalf.
Recommended Books of Related Native American Legends
Giants of the Dawnland:
A good collection of Wabanaki legends told by a Penobscot Indian author.
Excellent anthology of stories, songs, and oral history from the Maliseet and other Algonquian tribes.
The Maine Monster Parade:
Interesting book on sea serpents and monsters throughout Maine history, including Penobscot and Passamaquoddy water monsters.
Twelve Thousand Years
Native of Maine
The Algonquian languages
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