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Legendary Native American Figures: Jipijka'm (Chepechcalm, Tcipitckaam)

Name: Jipijka'm
Tribal affiliation: Mikmaq
Alternate spellings: Jupijkám, Tcipitckaam, Chipitchkam, Chepitchcalm, Kchi Pitchkayam, Ktchi Pitchkaam, Chepechcalm, Chepichkaam, Chepitchkaam, Che-Pitch-Calm, Chepichealm, Jibichkam, Jipijkma, Chepitkam, Ktchi-Pitchkayam
Pronunciation: chih-pitch-kawm
Also known as: The plural form of their name is Jipijkamak or Jipijkmak, and the female form is Jipijkamiskw or Jipijkamiskwa.
Type: Lake monster, serpent
Related figures in other tribes: Kci-Athussos (Maliseet), Gitaskog (Abenaki), Mishiginebig (Anishinabe), Maneto (Fox)

Jipijka'm is an underwater horned serpent, common to the legends of most Algonquian tribes. It is said to lurk in lakes and eat humans. Since it has only one horn according to most Mi'kmaq stories, it is sometimes called the Unicorn Serpent in English. Its horn is usually described as red and yellow and has powerful magical qualities.

Jipijka'm Stories

Horned Serpent:
    Encyclopedia article about the Wabanaki Chepechcalm and other horned serpents of Native American lore.
*Jipijka'm and Weewillmekq':
    Stories about Mi'kmaq and Maliseet horned serpents.

Recommended Books of Related Native American Legends

On the Trail of Elder Brother:
    Good book of traditional stories told by a Mi'kmaq author and illustrator.
Giants of the Dawnland:
    Another good collection of Wabanaki legends, told by a Penobscot Indian author.
Algonquian Spirit:
    Excellent anthology of stories, songs, and oral history from the Mi'kmaq and other Algonquian tribes.

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Additional Resources

 We Were Not the Savages
 Mikmaq myths
 Mikmaq language
 Mi'kmaq words
 Nova Scotia Natives
 Eastern Woodlands Native Americans
 Algonquian languages



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