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Gabrielino Language (Kizh, Tongva)

Language: Gabrielino was a Uto-Aztecan language of Southern California closely related to Serrano. Language loss has been especially severe in California, where enslavement and violence against Indian peoples were not actively discouraged, and the Gabrielino language has not been spoken since the 1940's, although some younger people hope to revive its use.

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Names: "Gabrielino" and "Gabrieleño" are the old Spanish names for the tribe, deriving from the Spanish placename San Gabriel Arcángel. "Tongva" was probably a Native placename or village name in the same vicinity. The people's endonym (the name they originally called themselves) may have been Kizh, a word in their own language meaning "home."

Gabrielino Language
Gabrielino language samples and resources.

Gabrielino Tribe Culture and History
Information and links about the Gabrieleño Indians past and present.

Gabrielino Indians Fact Sheet
Our answers to common questions about the Gabrielinos.

Gabrielino Legends
Introduction to Gabrielino mythology.

Gabrielino/Tongva Language Resources

Our Online Gabrielino Language Materials

Gabrielino Vocabulary:
    Our list of vocabulary words in the Gabrielino/Tongva language, with comparison to words in other Uto-Aztecan languages.
Gabrielino Pronunciation Guide:
    How to pronounce Gabrielino/Tongva words.
Gabrielino Animal Words:
    Picture glossary of animal words in the Gabrielino language.
Gabrielino Body Part Lesson:
    Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in Gabrielino.
Gabrielino Colors:
    Worksheet showing color words in Gabrielino.
Gabrielino Numbers:
    Worksheet showing how to count in the Gabrielino language.

Gabrielino Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources
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Tovanger: A Gabrielino Word Book
     Small Gabrielino/Tongva dictionary for sale online.
Indian Dictionaries:
    Gabrielino and other Native American dictionaries and language materials for sale.

Gabrielino Language Resources

*Survey of California Indian Languages: Gabrielino:
    Profile of the Gabrieleño language from the University of California at Berkeley.
Gabrieliño Language Tree:
    Theories about Gabrelino's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

Wikipedia: Tongva:
Encyclopedia articles on the Gabrieleno/Tongva language.
Lengua Gabrielino:
Information on the Tongva language in Spanish.
Gabrielino Tribe:
Gabrielino Indian books.

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